Himachal Pradesh Rural Drinking Water Improvement and Livelihood Project (ADB-53067-005)

  • South Asia
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
  • India
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Specific Location
Himachal Pradesh-Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kullu, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmaur, Solan, and Una
Whenever identified, the area within countries where the impacts of the investment may be experienced. Exact locations of projects may not be identified fully or at all in project documents. Please review updated project documents and community-led assessments.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Jul 21, 2022
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Government of India
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Water and Sanitation
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 96.30 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Loan Amount (USD)
$ 96.30 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD)
$ 139.10 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ ADB website

Updated in EWS Nov 3, 2022

Disclosed by Bank May 31, 2022

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

According to ADB website, proposed investment will provide safe, sustainable, gender-responsive, and inclusive rural water supply and rural sanitation services for about 620,000 people in 10 districts of Himachal Pradesh. The project districts are Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kullu, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmaur, Solan, and Una. Using the sector loan modality, it will upgrade rural water schemes and introduce smart water management practices to ensure the effective management of new and rehabilitated water supply assets. Further, the project will pilot an inclusive sanitation program in Sirmaur District to ensure that fecal sludge is safely managed and treated before disposal. The aspirations of rural people are growing, leading to demands for service standards similar to those in urban areas, which support meeting basic human needs, good health, and sustainable environmental outcomes. The project will strengthen institutional capacity in the executing and implementing agency, the Jal Shakti Vibhag (JSV), and in gram panchayats (local administration) to deliver efficient and sustainable services. Women's self-help groups in rural communities will be economically empowered through livelihood skills training, in particular training applicable to drinking water supply augmentation and the operation and maintenance (O&M;) of village rural water supply schemes that provide opportunities to support rural livelihoods. The project will raise public awareness of the health benefits of improved water supply, sanitation, and hygiene practices to prevent the spread of disease, not least the coronavirus disease.


About 92.9% of the state's rural population has access to drinking water from improved water sources. While this is almost double the national average of 49.1%, it lags the state's urban coverage of 98.4%. The rural water supply infrastructure is old and in poor condition, rendering it either dysfunctional or resulting in services that are of poor quality. Both an asset management system and O&M; funding are lacking. There is no water metering, and supply is typically intermittent (provided for only 6-8 hours per day), with consumption averaging a low 30 liters per capita per day. Small rural water supply schemes are located in remote and steep terrain, which limits data gathering to physical field inspections, and makes rural systems difficult to manage. The current monthly tariff is fixed at INR 34.54 per connection, which is far from sufficient for even O&M; cost recovery. Low-cost recovery translates into a high dependence on subsidies from the government of Himachal Pradesh for O&M;, let alone for system upgrades, and renewal.

Current data shows that 81.3% of rural households have access to improved sanitation facilities, slightly below the 85.0% of urban households. The primary onsite sanitation facilities include pit latrines and flush latrines connected to septic tanks, which discharge directly to the open environment and in open drains. A fecal sludge management facility exits only in Shimla, the state capital.

The government of Himachal Pradesh's JSV manages water supply, including construction and the delivery of bulk water to rural villages. Sanitation is provided by the Rural Development Department. Gram panchayats are involved in the planning, implementation, and management of village water services through village water and sanitation committees constituted by the state's District Water and Sanitation Mission.


Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

8. The Government of India has requested a sector loan of $96.3 million from ADB’s ordinary
capital resources to help finance the project. The loan will have a 25-year term, including a grace
period of 5 years; an annual interest rate determined in accordance with ADB’s Flexible Loan
Product; a commitment charge of 0.15% per year; and such other terms and conditions set forth
in the draft loan and project agreements. Based on the straight-line repayment method, the
average maturity is 15.25 years, and the maturity premium payable to ADB is 0.10% per year

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.
Responsible ADB Officer Kohlhase, Jude Ernest
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Jal Shakti Vibhag, Government of Himachal Pradesh
Jal Shakti Bhawan, Tarna Road, Mandi (Himachal Pradesh) 175001


You can submit an information request for project information at: https://www.adb.org/forms/request-information-form

ADB has a two-stage appeals process for requesters who believe that ADB has denied their request for information in violation of its Access to Information Policy. You can learn more about filing an appeal at: https://www.adb.org/site/disclosure/appeals


The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at: http://www.adb.org/site/accountability-mechanism/main.

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