The proposed rehabilitation project includes 212 kms of damaged highway sections and 33 damaged bridges located on the national highway network of Pakistan. It will restore critical
physical infrastructure to sustain livelihoods and access to markets, as well as build post disaster traffic management capacity in the National Highway Authority (NHA). The project will
contribute to the economic recovery of 2010 flood affected areas in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh provinces.
PROJECT RATIONALE AND LINKAGE TO COUNTRY/REGIONAL STRATEGY
1. The 2010 floods were the worst in Pakistan's history, affecting 100,000 square kilometers and 20 million people (more than a tenth of the country's population). They resulted
in 1,800 deaths and caused an estimated $10 billion in total damage. Immediately after the floods subsided, the government started the early recovery and restoration of basic services, housing, and livelihoods. Basic transport infrastructure and irrigation facilities were also badly damaged in 80 of the country's 110 districts across Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh. According to the damage and needs assessment report prepared by ADB and the World Bank in conjunction with federal and provincial government agencies, 793 km of national highways (7% of the national highway network) were identified as requiring immediate rehabilitation to ensure their stability and public safety.
2. In 2011, ADB approved the Flood Emergency Reconstruction Project in the amount of $650 million to assist the government in the reconstruction and rehabilitation of national
highways, provincial roads, irrigation and drainage, and flood protection infrastructure. The emergency reconstruction project became effective on 26 May 2011 and was closed on
25 May 2015. 344 km of national highway sections were completed when the loan was closed on 25 May 2015.
3. The government has not been able to secure funding for 212 km of damaged highway sections and 33 bridges, which should be rehabilitated immediately to avoid
further damage and safety hazard. These roads and bridges are the only transport links for the local population, which is being temporarily served through makeshift arrangements, such as Bailey bridges. ADB's post-flood assistance for the remaining 212 km of the damaged sections of the highways and 33 bridges will (i) expedite the economic and social recovery of the affected population from the floods and provide greater resilience to future floods, and (ii) ensure that the full development impact of the emergency reconstruction project is achieved and that ADB's intervention is effective. Apart from the recovery of damaged road infrastructure, the NHA's capacity to cope with such natural disasters and manage a quicker response for the early restoration of traffic and subsequent reconstruction and/or rehabilitation activities needs strengthening.
4. The rehabilitation project will restore critical physical infrastructure to sustain livelihoods and access to markets, as well as build capacity in the NHA by providing specialized training to its operations staff for the efficient management of traffic restoration and post-natural-disaster reconstruction activities.
Economic and social recovery in the affected areas of the 2010 floods
All consultants will be recruited according to ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants. A consulting firm will be recruited to provide construction supervision through the quality- and cost-based selection (QCBS) method based on 90:10 ratio. Individual consultants will be recruited to provide implementation support to the EA in various areas including procurement, contract administration, resettlement and social safeguards and financial management etc. One international individual consultant will be engaged to augment NHA's post-disaster traffic management capacity.
Procurement of goods, works, and services will follow ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time) and Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). The contracts were packaged based on an assessment of the site area in view of the construction season and geographical location. In this procurement plan, of the 17 civil works packages, six contracts in two packages will be procured through international competitive bidding and 11 contracts through five packages will be procured through national competitive bidding.
ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISM OF ADB
The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at: http://www.adb.org/site/accountability-mechanism/main
Responsible ADB Officer Naqvi, Zaigham Ali Akbar
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Pakistan Resident Mission
National Highway Authority
Room No. 110, 1st Floor,
NC Building, Sector G-9/1