Karachi Bus Rapid Transit Project (ADB-47279-002)

  • Pakistan
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Government of Pakistan
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Transport
  • Water and Sanitation
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 390.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ ADB website

Updated in EWS Feb 20, 2019

Disclosed by Bank Sep 27, 2018

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

According to the bank document, the proposed project will help develop a sustainable transportation system in Karachi by delivering the city's _red line_ BRT corridor, directly benefiting 1.5 million people. The project will comprise two interlinked outputs: (i) the construction of a 25-kilometer (km) BRT corridor and associated facilities, and (ii) effective project management and sustainable BRT operations through institutional developments. The project is economically justified by major time savings for future BRT passengers, vehicle operating cost savings, better air quality and carbon emissions savings, which will improve the health of Karachi's citizens and mitigate climate change. The project will also make Karachi safer, boost private sector investment, and foster gender equity.

The project outcome will be improved quality of public transport along a selected corridor in Karachi. The project will consist of the following two interlinked outputs.

Output 1 (infrastructure): BRT corridor restructuring. This will include construction of (i) a BRT route designed and built following international best practices and quality standards along either the Green, Red or Yellow line; (ii) sidewalks, on-street parking, mixed-traffic lanes and NMT lane along the BRT; (iii) a high-capacity drainage system along the corridor; (iv) BRT depot; and (v) improvement of access roads for NMT and feeder services. Energy-efficient streetlights and intelligent transport systems for traffic management along the corridor will also be procured and installed under this output. The construction of associated infrastructure such as intercity bus terminals and off-street parking may be considered as well.

Output 2: Effective project management and sustainable BRT operations. This will include: (i) strengthening capacity of the Sindh Mass Transit Coordination Authority (SMTCA) and the Sindh Mass Transit Company (SMTC); (ii) structuring and delivering viable PPP arrangements through transaction advisory service (TAS); (iii) designing the BRT operational plan and business model; (iv) facilitating a bus industry transition through negotiations and capacity building for private bus operators selected to operate the BRT; (v) setting up a fleet scrapping program and compensation mechanism for non-participating operators; (vi) building capacity of the traffic police to enforce parking, street vendors' policy, and other traffic rules; (vii) implementing a communication and marketing plan; and (viii) implementing an urban development strategy along the corridor.

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank US$ 100.00 million 

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.

Responsible ADB Officer Margonsztern, David C. M.
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Sindh Mass Transit Authority (SMTA)
201 2nd Floor, The Doctors Plaza (near 2 Talwar), Plot No.G-7, Block-9, KDA Scheme 5
Kehkashan Clifton, Karachi, Pakistan

Transport and Mass Transit Department, Government of Sindh
2F Tughlag House, Siddh Secretariat Building #2 Karachi, Pakistan


The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at: http://www.adb.org/site/accountability-mechanism/main

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