Comoros Inter-island Connectivity Project (WB-P173114)

  • Comoros
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • World Bank (WB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Jun 30, 2021
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Government of Comoros
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Transport
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 40.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD)
$ 40.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ WB website

Updated in EWS Aug 4, 2020

Disclosed by Bank Jun 28, 2020

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

According to bank documents, the project bjective is to improve maritime transport connectivity and safety among the islands.

The project has four component:

  1. Component 1. Port Fomboni (US$25-42 million). Although all the three primary ports have certain capacity constraints, Port Fomboni in Moheli island is most constrained. The port only has a draft of 2.4
    meters with an 80-meter quay, handling about 30,000 to 40,000 tons of cargo per year. It is difficult for large vessels to approach. As the result, cabotage and ferry operators often refuse to call at Moheli island, suppressing the potential demand for inter-island transport and wrongly incentivizing informal operations.
  2. Component 2. Improvement of secondary ports (US$2 million) – (To be integrated into Component 1). This component aims at supporting secondary ports on the three islands. There are four major landing sites where kwassa-kwassa boats depart and arrive: Chindini and Ouropveni in Grande Comore, Hoani and Itsamia in Moheli, and Bimbini in Anjouan. To improve safety and efficiency in these
    informal boat operations and protect coastal environment, the project will support minimum sheltering improvements, building landing slopes, disposal facilities, and implementing basic navigation aids to assist with approaches and landings. Port design will also ensure that it incorporates design features to improve people’s with disabilities access to port infrastructure and services (e.g., ramps, wide entrances, priority seating, proper signalization and visualization of information) and facilitating women’s experience of traveling by addressing identified infrastructure constraints that affect them disproportionately (e.g., lack of lightning and visible spaces, which can be enablers of violence, mainly at night).

  3. Component 3. Maritime safety and Vessel Renewal Program (US$2 million). This component supports the Government’s efforts toward improving maritime transport safety between the island through
    strengthening the regulatory capacity and formalizing informal kwassa-kwassa operations and making them more efficient, greener and safer. In addition to technical assistance for capacity building at relevant ministries and agencies, the component will finance a vessel renewal program for informal transport service operators to renew their vessels, scraping old and unsafe boats and register new boats properly. In addition, it is expected that fleet renewal will reduce GHG emissions from maritime transportation. Currently, there are about 150 kwassa-kwassa boats operating between the islands, most of which are old and normally accommodate up to 12 passengers, but without any safety equipment installed. In theory, it is more efficient and economically viable to operate with a fewer number of vessels with more capacity, however, local operators cannot afford them because of the lack of access to financial/local capital market, which is very thin in Comoros. To fill the gap, the component aims to provide a partial subsidy for vessel renewal.

  4. Component 4. Implementation support and capacity building (US$2 million). This component supports the implementing entity for the Project as well as necessary preparatory works, such as detailed
    design and safeguard documents.
Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Contact Information
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World Bank:
Atsushi Iimi
Senior Economist

Government of the Union of Comoros

Implementing Agencies:
Ministry of Transportation, Post, Telecommunications, Communication and Tourism
Ali Mohamed Hassane
Secrétaire Général du Ministère des Transports

Société Comorienne des Ports
Mohamed Said Salim Dahalani
Directeur Général de la SCP


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