The project's objective is improving integrated water resources management by strengthening water sector institutions and expanding access to water supply and sanitation services. The additional funding seeks to finance on-going projects under the following components.
Location(s): The project will support the government's national Water Sector Development Program which covers rural and urban beneficiaries in the country
Resources needed: An assessment has been made particularly for the Kimbiji and Mpera Water Project that is a part of the additional financing. Land is to be acquired to construct 30 well fields (20 in Kimbiji -Kisarawe II and 10 in Mpera) and having a radius of 60m (2.8 acres) around each of them. More land is needed to construct storage facilities (tanks) and to lay water distribution lines.
Risk Categorization: Category A:
the project is likely to have "significant adverse environmental impacts that are sensitive, diverse, or unprecedented".
APPLICABLE SOCIAL & ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS
Environmental Assessment (OP/BP 4.01)
triggered because "the construction and rehabilitation of infrastructure may have environmental impacts which require mitigation."
Involuntary Resettlement (OP/BP 4.12)
triggered "not only if physical relocation occurs but also by any loss of land resulting in; relocation or loss of shelter, loss of assets or access to assets, loss of income sources or means of livelihood whether or not the affected people must move to another location.
Projects on International Waterways (OP/BP 7.50)
triggered "if the project affects relations of riparians negatively by increased use of the water resources or by significantly polluting the water.
OUR RISK ASSESSMENT
Based on the bank's project documents, the Kimbiji and Mpera Water project poses potential risks to the following human rights:
Right to Property & Adequate Housing:
The project requires permanent land acquisition which is likely to lead to loss of property including land and housing facilities for the people in the project area through involuntary resettlement.
Right to Food:
The project will require land which may cause loss of land for cultivation. This is likely to affect food security due to reduced amounts of food produced and varieties for a balanced diet. The people's incomes are likely to be affected which reduces their purchasing power for food.
Right to Livelihood:
Production systems are likely to be dismantled causing losses to productive assets or income sources. People may be relocated to environments where their productive skills may be less applicable and the competition for resources is high
Right to Culture:
Community institutions and social networks are likely to be weakened and kin groups dispersed. Cultural identity, traditional authority, and the potential for mutual help may diminish.
Right to a Healthy Environment:
Civil works for new structures as well as rehabilitation works are likely to affect the communities through air and water contamination. An increase in interaction of different people is likely to result in social and health problems due to increased disease transmission.
Note: The Resettlement Action Plan notes: "In view of the fact the estimated cost of resettlement (assets, land, crops, loss of profit from business, disruption of livelihood, etc.) for the whole project is estimated to be over 40 Billion Tanzanian Shillings. This is a huge sum that is presently unavailable. This Resettlement Action Plan therefore has been forced to be broken into two phases." This requires more effort in monitoring its implementation. The Bank's Resettlement Action Plan for Phase I estimates that 144 people will be displaced in Phase I alone for the Kimbiji (Kisarawe II well field), the Mpera well field, and water storage facilities at Pugu Kajiungeni and Buyuni. This estimate does not include any of the people to be displaced in Phase II.
Bank financing: World Bank
Borrower: Government of the United Republic of Tanzania. Implementing agency- Ministry of Water.
Amount of bank loan or investment: $45m
Total project cost: $103m
Name: Yitbarek Tessema
Title: Lead Water Supply and Sanitation Specialist
Tel:255-22-2163200 or 2163263
Fax:+255 22 216 3295
Location:Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania (IBRD)
RESOURCES/OPPORTUNITIES TO PREVENT HARM & SEEK JUSTICE
Grievances are handled by a Grievance Redress Committee formed at the project level, comprising of an independent valuer, lawyer, sociologist and the local leadership. In case someone is not satisfied with the decision of the group, the matter will be referred to the Commissioner of Lands or formal courts of law.
ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISM OF WORLD BANK
The World Bank Inspection Panel is the independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by a World Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Inspection Panel, they may investigate to assess whether the World Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can contact the Inspection Panel or submit a complaint by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org. You can learn more about the Inspection Panel and how to file a complaint at: http://ewebapps.worldbank.org/apps/ip/Pages/Home.aspx.