Tanzania Water Sector Support Project - Additional Financing (WB-P146700)

  • Tanzania
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Specific Location
Tanzania, Kimbiji, Mpera
Whenever identified, the area within countries where the impacts of the investment may be experienced. Exact locations of projects may not be identified fully or at all in project documents. Please review updated project documents and community-led assessments.
Financial Institutions
  • World Bank (WB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Jun 16, 2014
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Water and Sanitation
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Potential Rights Impacts
  • Cultural Rights
  • Healthy Environment
  • Housing & Property
  • Labor & Livelihood
  • Right to Food
Only for projects receiving a detailed analysis, a broad category of human and environmental rights and frequently at-risk populations.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 44.90 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD)
$ 102.90 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ WB website

Updated in EWS Mar 5, 2018

Disclosed by Bank Sep 1, 2006

Contribute Information
Can you contribute information about this project?
Contact the EWS Team

Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

The project's objective is improving integrated water resources management by strengthening water sector institutions and expanding access to water supply and sanitation services. The additional funding seeks to finance on-going projects under the following components.

  • Component 1: Strengthening of Water Resources Management Institutional Framework: The project will finance the completion of the integrated water resources management and development plans in 8 basins, additional capacity development for basin wide water resources management and priority investments.
  • Component 2: Scaling up of Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Services: The project will finance the construction of 5279 water points in 628 villages.
  • Component 3: Scaling up of Urban Water Supply and Sewerage Services: The project will support 29 contracts of which 18 are for works to complete construction of water supply systems in selected urban utilities, 10 are consultancy contracts to supervise works and finalize studies and 1 goods contract. It includes a Category A investment, which is the development of the Kimbiji/Mpera well field.
  • Component 4: Sector Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building: The project will continue to finance program management activities and provide technical assistance for preparation of the second phase.

Location(s): The project will support the government's national Water Sector Development Program which covers rural and urban beneficiaries in the country

Resources needed: An assessment has been made particularly for the Kimbiji and Mpera Water Project that is a part of the additional financing. Land is to be acquired to construct 30 well fields (20 in Kimbiji -Kisarawe II and 10 in Mpera) and having a radius of 60m (2.8 acres) around each of them. More land is needed to construct storage facilities (tanks) and to lay water distribution lines.

Early Warning System Project Analysis
For a project with severe or irreversible impacts to local community and natural resources, the Early Warning System Team may conduct a thorough analysis regarding its potential impacts to human and environmental rights.

Risk Categorization: Category A:

the project is likely to have "significant adverse environmental impacts that are sensitive, diverse, or unprecedented".


Environmental Assessment (OP/BP 4.01)

triggered because "the construction and rehabilitation of infrastructure may have environmental impacts which require mitigation."

Involuntary Resettlement (OP/BP 4.12)

triggered "not only if physical relocation occurs but also by any loss of land resulting in; relocation or loss of shelter, loss of assets or access to assets, loss of income sources or means of livelihood whether or not the affected people must move to another location.

Projects on International Waterways (OP/BP 7.50)

triggered "if the project affects relations of riparians negatively by increased use of the water resources or by significantly polluting the water.

People Affected By This Project
People Affected By This Project refers to the communities of people likely to be affected positively or negatively by a project.


Based on the bank's project documents, the Kimbiji and Mpera Water project poses potential risks to the following human rights:

Right to Property & Adequate Housing:

The project requires permanent land acquisition which is likely to lead to loss of property including land and housing facilities for the people in the project area through involuntary resettlement.

Right to Food:

The project will require land which may cause loss of land for cultivation. This is likely to affect food security due to reduced amounts of food produced and varieties for a balanced diet. The people's incomes are likely to be affected which reduces their purchasing power for food.

Right to Livelihood:

Production systems are likely to be dismantled causing losses to productive assets or income sources. People may be relocated to environments where their productive skills may be less applicable and the competition for resources is high

Right to Culture:

Community institutions and social networks are likely to be weakened and kin groups dispersed. Cultural identity, traditional authority, and the potential for mutual help may diminish.

Right to a Healthy Environment:

Civil works for new structures as well as rehabilitation works are likely to affect the communities through air and water contamination. An increase in interaction of different people is likely to result in social and health problems due to increased disease transmission.

Note: The Resettlement Action Plan notes: "In view of the fact the estimated cost of resettlement (assets, land, crops, loss of profit from business, disruption of livelihood, etc.) for the whole project is estimated to be over 40 Billion Tanzanian Shillings. This is a huge sum that is presently unavailable. This Resettlement Action Plan therefore has been forced to be broken into two phases." This requires more effort in monitoring its implementation. The Bank's Resettlement Action Plan for Phase I estimates that 144 people will be displaced in Phase I alone for the Kimbiji (Kisarawe II well field), the Mpera well field, and water storage facilities at Pugu Kajiungeni and Buyuni. This estimate does not include any of the people to be displaced in Phase II.

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Bank financing: World Bank
Borrower: Government of the United Republic of Tanzania. Implementing agency- Ministry of Water.
Amount of bank loan or investment: $45m
Total project cost: $103m

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.

Name: Yitbarek Tessema
Title: Lead Water Supply and Sanitation Specialist
Tel:255-22-2163200 or 2163263
Fax:+255 22 216 3295
Location:Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania (IBRD)

Grievances are handled by a Grievance Redress Committee formed at the project level, comprising of an independent valuer, lawyer, sociologist and the local leadership. In case someone is not satisfied with the decision of the group, the matter will be referred to the Commissioner of Lands or formal courts of law.


The World Bank Inspection Panel is the independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by a World Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Inspection Panel, they may investigate to assess whether the World Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can contact the Inspection Panel or submit a complaint by emailing ipanel@worldbank.org. You can learn more about the Inspection Panel and how to file a complaint at: http://ewebapps.worldbank.org/apps/ip/Pages/Home.aspx.

How it works

How it works