Eswatini - Mkondvo-Ngwavuma Water Augmentation Program (MNWAP) Study (AFDB-P-SZ-AA0-007)

  • Eswastini
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • African Development Bank (AFDB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Mar 30, 2020
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Government of Eswatini
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Agriculture and Forestry
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 1.65 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ AFDB website

Updated in EWS Sep 8, 2020

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

According to bank documents, The overall goal of study is to contribute to food security, poverty reduction and resilience to climate change, through supporting water and irrigation infrastructure development in Eswatini. The specific objectives of the intervention are to: i) conduct feasibility studies for the construction of dams at Mahamba Gorge and Ethemba on the Mkhondvo River to enable the transfer of water to the Ngwavuma River; and for the construction of a dam at Mpakeni on the Ngwavuma River to enable the conveyance of water to downstream areas for irrigation; ii) prepare detailed designs and bidding documents for the new dams to be constructed at Mahamba Gorge, Ethemba and Mpakeni as well as the conveyance system to irrigation areas downstream; and iii) mobilize resources for the construction of the dams and conveyance system through an investor conference.

The present intervention relates to the Mkondvo-Ngwavuma Water Augmentation Program (MNWAP) Study. The project consists of conducting feasibility studies for the construction of a dam on the Mkondvo River at Mahamba Gorge and the transfer of water to the Mahosha River (a tributary of the Ngwavuma River), for the purpose of increasing the low flow of the Ngwavuma River. It was designed because of the key role of agriculture and water development in supporting inclusive growth, job creation and poverty alleviation in Eswatini. The project aims to contribute to food security, poverty reduction and resilience to climate change by supporting the development of water and irrigation infrastructure in Eswatini. The MNWAP will provide very important employment and income generation opportunities for women and youth. The study has four (04) main components, namely: (i) Mpakeni Dam and Water Supply and Irrigation Development Plan and Bidding Documents, (ii) Feasibility Study for the Mkhondvo-Ngwavuma Water Resources Augmentation Project, (iii) Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment, and (iv) Detailed Design and Bidding Documents for the Water Resources Augmentation Option.

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.

Name SOLIMAN Wael Mohamed Roshdy 


The Independent Review Mechanism (IRM), which is administered by the Compliance Review and Mediation Unit (CRMU), is the independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who have been or are likely to be adversely affected by an African Development Bank (AfDB)-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the IRM, it may assist you by either seeking to address your problems by facilitating a dispute resolution dialogue between you and those implementing the project and/or investigating whether the AfDB complied with its policies to prevent environmental and social harms. You can submit a complaint electronically by emailing,,, and/or You can learn more about the IRM and how to file a complaint at

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How it works