Fiscal policy for green and inclusive development (ADB-55130-001)

  • East Asia and Pacific
  • South Asia
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Jul 11, 2021
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
  • Climate and Environment
  • Law and Government
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
Advisory Services
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 1.30 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ ADB website

Updated in EWS Apr 24, 2022

Disclosed by Bank Jul 11, 2021

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

According to ADB documents, the knowledge and support technical assistance (TA) will advance knowledge and policy insights on fiscal policies to support green and inclusive growth, with a focus on strengthening domestic resource mobilization (DRM), in developing Asia. The TA will carry out research by the Economic Research and Regional Cooperation Department (ERCD) in collaboration with leading global and regional experts, and findings will be shared and disseminated to policymakers and other stakeholders.


Many DMCs generate inadequate tax revenues to fund public expenditure needed to meet the SDGs. While a generally prudent approach to fiscal policy has helped promote macroeconomic stability across the region, a weak tax base has hindered government spending on public goods and services needed to promote sustainable and inclusive growth. It has limited the scope for governments to reduce inequality through transfers, including adequate social assistance. Weak tax revenues also increase the reliance on less reliable and costly forms of finance and threatens debt sustainability. While some DMCs made progress lifting tax revenues prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, revenues were, on average, considerably lower compared to advanced economies and many developing country peers. Fiscal policy is one of the most politically challenging areas of public policy. Increasing taxes or reducing public spending is invariably unpopular and fiscal policy reforms that may be in the broader interests of society can be stymied by powerful vested interests who stand to lose. Successful fiscal policy reform therefore requires strong political buy in. Knowledge products that provide fresh evidence on the impact of fiscal policies can play an important role in supporting policy reform deliberations as well as mustering reform support.


Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.
Responsible ADB Officer Hill, Samuel C.
Responsible ADB Department Economic Research and Regional Cooperation Department
Responsible ADB Division Office of the Chief Economist, ERD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue,
Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines


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How it works