Financial Market Development Program (Subprogram 3) (ADB-51252-005)

  • South Asia
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
  • Bhutan
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Oct 22, 2021
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Kingdom of Bhutan
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Finance
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 30.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Loan Amount (USD)
$ 30.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ ADB website

Updated in EWS Apr 10, 2022

Disclosed by Bank Oct 22, 2021

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

According to Asian Development Bank (ADB) documents, the proposed program modality is a programmatic approach. It consists of three subprograms that are designed to allow ADB to remain engaged and to help the government implement increasingly complex long-term finance sector reforms. Under this third subprogram, there are 3 reforms areas.

Reform area 1: Nonbank financial systems developed. This will concentrate on secondary market development and an insurance strategy, including alternative investments and housing finance schemes focusing on gender-based requirements, while improving governance rules in capital markets.

Reform area 2: Stability and integrity of the financial system strengthened. There will be focus on implementing the International Financial Reporting Standards 9, revised rules on anti-money laundering based on requirements, and full alignment with Basel III, leading to enhanced stability, efficiency, and inclusiveness in financial markets.

Reform area 3: Financial inclusion promoted. This includes financing inclusive green finance and financial technology to promote digital inclusion. The impact of the reform will be the improved economic welfare of the Bhutanese people, especially women, through increased employment, private sector business development, enhanced access to finance, and greater efficiency of financial intermediation. The program will support the government with institutional reforms while improving the technical capacity of regulatory and financial institutions.


The program will support the government in its commitment to continue reforms to make the finance sector more responsive to emerging priorities, while remaining stable and inclusive. This support is critical for the government to achieve national key result areas of the Twelfth Five Year Plan, 2018 2023, such as macroeconomic stability, economic diversification, improving access to finance and poverty reduction. The government has already prepared several long-term sector development strategies. In 2017, the government approved the Financial Sector Development Action Plan, which details reform actions that affect, among others, the banking system, nonbank financial institutions, and financial inclusion and financial literacy.


Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.
Responsible ADB Officer Gunawardhena, Manohari
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Public Management, Financial Sector and Trade Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance
Royal Government of Bhutan
Thimphu, Bhutan
Attention: Director


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The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at:

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