Road Asset Management Project (ADB-50062-001)

  • Afghanistan
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Oct 31, 2016
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
  • Transport
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 25.50 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ ADB website

Updated in EWS Jun 26, 2020

Disclosed by Bank Jun 20, 2016

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.


I submit for your approval the following report and recommendation on a proposed grant to the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan for the Road Asset Management Project.

The proposed grant will finance priority maintenance works for part of Afghanistan's regional highway sections from Kabul to Ghazni and from Kabul to Jalalabad, which are the economic lifeline of the country's eastern region. The project will include a capacity development component to introduce sustainable road management practices, specifically in road asset management and road maintenance.


Prolonged conflict has devastated Afghanistan's economy by destroying the minimal economic infrastructure and institutions that the country once possessed and driving more than 2.5 million Afghans away from their homes and livelihoods. Since the fall of the Taliban regime, the country has received billions of dollars in international assistance, which has dramatically boosted the country's gross domestic product to more than $20 billion five times higher than in 2002. However, the country is still at the very beginning of recreating an economy that can address the needs of its people. Afghanistan requires stable and sustainable economic development. To this end, and with donor support, the Government of Afghanistan has developed a range of policies and strategies, not all of which have been successfully implemented. The 2008 2013 Afghanistan National Development Strategy, the country's first strategy paper for poverty reduction, has set the context for rebuilding the country by

(i) addressing poverty through private sector-led equitable economic growth and (ii) exploiting the economy's growth potential.

Afghanistan's fragile and conflict-affected situation has also heavily damaged its roads. By 1994, around 80% of the 42,000-kilometer (km) network was in a poor state of repair, and road conditions deteriorated further until 2002, when major reconstruction programs were begun. The government focused on reconstructing damaged or destroyed roads, as well as rehabilitating roads that had fallen into disrepair due to a prolonged lack of maintenance. A massive multinational reconstruction and development effort to rebuild Afghanistan's infrastructure has been underway since 2002, and nearly 8,000 km of roads have been reconstructed or rehabilitated. While the government and development partners have focused on reconstruction, the sustainability of past investments has resurfaced as a major sector issue. According to the ongoing Asian Development Bank (ADB) study for operation and maintenance (O&M;), 85% of the road network is in poor condition, and only 50% is serviceable year-round condition.

Financial and institutional sustainability are some of the main challenges facing roads network O&M; in Afghanistan. The Ministry of Public Works (MPW) has so far been unable to fully implement various approaches proposed in the 2006 2013 O&M; strategy. The lack of policies pertaining to road user charges and O&M; financing further complicates these challenges, both financially and institutionally. Afghanistan is not expected to be financially self-reliant in the interim. Institutional O&M; challenges include organizational and human resource issues. Organizationally, the mandates of the different organizations responsible for the road network must be properly delineated. Functionally, the MPW lacks the specialized system to ensure adequate and accountable operations. A tool for planning and managing roads O&M; at the national level does not exist. The scattered bits and pieces of this system must be integrated and properly developed to enable the systematic planning and management of roads O&M.;

Realizing the importance and seriousness of the issue, development partners since 2011 have started to pay attention to roads O&M; and able to contributed to $150 million. The donors' primary efforts include the Road Sector Sustainability Program of the United States Agency for International Development and the World Bank's National Rural Access Program (NRAP). Under the $109 million Road Sector Sustainability Program, short- and long-term plans have been jointly agreed upon by the government and development partners. In the short term, a 5-year transfer process has been defined, with roads O&M; funded by donor contributions in the first year and by road user fees in the fifth and final year. In the long term, three autonomous entities a road authority, road fund, and transportation institute will


Increased sustainability of Afghanistan's road transport sector (Afghanistan's O&M; Strategy 2006)


The consultant team will be recruited for the development of road asset management, O&M; capacity development, and support to supervision of road maintenance work.


Delay in procurement has been a major problem in implementation, especially for large contract packages with high value. Thus, the Project will be tendered as small NCB packages approximately $3 5 million each so that the evaluation process can be expedited. In addition, ADB will request to carry out the consultant selection process.

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Grant 0508-AFG: Road Asset Management Project
Concessional ordinary capital resources / Asian Development Fund US$ 25.50 million

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.


The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at:


Responsible ADB Officer Tawisook, Witoon
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Afghanistan Resident Mission
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Finance
Pashtunistan Watt,
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

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How it works