According to bank documents, the project objective is to increase access to safely managed sanitation services and strengthen municipal sanitation service delivery capacity in selected cities; and to provide immediate and effective response to an eligible crisis or emergency.
The Project will maintain the existing five components and all original subcomponents. The AF will replenish the US$35 million back to the original components and provide $15 million in additional financing to cover cost overruns.
Component 1: priority sewerage investments (total cost US$63.5 million of which US$7.0 million AF). This component will continue to finance priority sewerage investments for the cities of Maputo, Quelimane, and Tete. The original project design included the financing of 57.5km of sewers in the three cities and six pilot condominial systems aimed at improving access to sewerage services for 96,500 people. The target sewerage and drainage network remain as per the appraisal estimates, including the planned construction and upgrade of three WWTPs, and six condominial sewer pilots. A partial reallocation of contingencies (reduction to 5 percent) and an additional US$ 6.5 million will allow for full completion of project activities.
Component 2: onsite sanitation investments in Quelimane and Tete (total cost US$39 million – of which US$30 million replenishment of funds and US$6.5 million AF). This component will continue to finance priority OSS at the household level and the construction of public sanitation facilities in Quelimane and Tete. The original project design includes the construction of 20,143 household OSS toilets for the poor and vulnerable households residing in the periurban areas of Quelimane and Tete, who are currently relying on open defecation, and the construction of 78 public sanitation facilities for schools and markets. The number of school sanitation facilities under this component will be reduced, given that additional school interventions are being financed under component 5. The Project will continue to finance market toilets to enhance access to female marketers. Under the AF, US$6.5 million additional funds will be provided to cover the financing gap due to cost overruns. The public sanitation facilities are designed to meet basic MHM requirements and promote personal hygiene and healthy sanitation behavior, which is expected to reduce the environmental impact of human waste—by reducing the volume of untreated fecal sludge and potential contamination of water bodies during floods, as well as reducing methane emissions from untreated septage. Moreover, the investments will make the sanitation infrastructure more resilient to climate change-related extreme weather events and ensure reliable access to basic services during said events to the beneficiaries.
Component 3: municipal sanitation services improvements (total costs US$11 million) remains unchanged. This component provides performance-based grants to finance service improvement activities in the cities of Maputo, Beira, Nampula, Tete, and Quelimane. The grants are linked to the achievement of a minimum set of indicators (institutional, operational, and financial) on a performance scorecard agreed between each participating municipality and the National Directorate of Water Supply and Sanitation (DNAAS).
Component 4 (total costs US$16.5 million– of which US$ 5 million replenishment of funds and US$1.5 million AF). This component is financing technical assistance to support national institutional strengthening and project management as envisaged in the original project design. Institutional development support, including the Water Law, included climate change considerations that will contribute to enhanced resilience against severe weather-related events or hydrological shocks such as droughts, heat waves and/or floods. The AF will also cover the preparation and early implementation of a sector-wide gender and GBV strategy. GoM through AIAS will hire technical assistance for the development of the gender and GBV strategy, relevant training, and awareness campaigns targeting sector agencies and service providers across the country.
Component 5: Contingent Emergency Response Component (US$35 million) will continue to finance school sanitation upgrades in 95 schools, including rehabilitation and construction works for the school sanitation facilities, water supply, and hygiene management facilities for the schools, engineering supervision consultancies, and technical support for sustainable management of school toilets, including reducing GHG emissions to the extent possible. The design of the toilet facilities includes MHM facilities, and MHM support will be provided in schools with adolescent girls. The Project is specifically utilizing flood resilient designs and materials for the school toilets, particularly in the flood-prone areas in Quelimane and other towns in Zambézia and Sofala. These interventions are expected to benefit 96,000 pupils, of which 47,000 girls will also benefit from MHM support, including MHM packages. This component includes awareness-raising activities targeted at teachers and students to destigmatize menstruation and reduce girls’ school absenteeism. Further, technical assistance services are being hired under this component to develop and provide training on sustainable management models for school sanitation facilities, including enhancing MHM services. Further, the school sanitation improvements will help reduce the prevalence of waterborne and diarrheal diseases that are expected to worsen with climate change due to increased temperatures, increased flood occurrence, expansion of the geographic range, and seasonality of associated conditions (floodwaters, unsanitary conditions). The schools are located in the small towns of Zambezia (14 schools), Tete (19 schools), Manica (27 schools), and Sofala (35 schools) provinces.
Odete Duarte Muximpua
Water Supply and Sanitation Specialist
Paulo Jorge Temba Sithoe
Ministry of Economy and Finance
National Directorate of Water Supply and Sanitation (DNAAS)
Administração de Infraestruturas de Água e Saneamento (AIAS)
Ministry of Health
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