According to bank documents, the MPA Program Objective is to improve safety, resilience, and accessibility [or connectivity] in the Program areas.
The project is proposed to have five components:
Component 1: Safe and Resilient Corridor Improvement. This component will focus on rehabilitation, improvement, maintenance and road safety activities in the most critical sections of N1 (1,227km). Priority road sections will be improved through the implementation of performance-based contracts, which will be implemented over 10 years (2 years for rehabilitation and improvement followed by 8 years of maintenance and periodic maintenance in year 8). The project will implement Output and Performance-based Road Contracts (OPRC) that represent a new approach for contracting road works based on payments based on outputs (agreed service levels), compared to the traditional approach of payments based on input quantities and unit prices. OPRC contracts provide advantages to the road agency, road users and the consultants, and contractors, such as:
helps to assures long-term maintenance funding;
provides better transparency and accountability;
reduces maintenance costs;
avoids frequent claims and contract amendments to increase quantities of work by the contractor;
provides better and safer roads with consistent conditions;
guarantees workload over longer period and opens opportunities for business growth for consultants and contracts. OPRC contracts are expected to contribute to not only containing public procurement costs but also generating local jobs and facilitating local business development. In addition, the unit rates of road works may be able to be lowered further by strengthening market competition as well as encouraging local contractors to participate more in public road procurement opportunities.
Component 2: Improved Feeder Roads through Microenterprises. This component will support local communities organized into microenterprises to provide labor intensive routine maintenance services on clusters of feeder roads adjacent to N1 corridor. These microenterprises are teams of maintenance workers from local communities, which have acquired a certain legal status enabling them to enter into a contract with the public entities responsible for maintaining the road. The microenterprises are generally responsible for basic maintenance activities such as removing obstacles and material from the road, clearing the drainage system and cutting vegetation, thus enhancing the resilience of road and drainage infrastructure, increasing its operational life, and providing connectivity to communities along the corridor, yearround. The experiences with road maintenance microenterprises in the different countries have resulted in improved road conditions, lower overall maintenance costs, and the creation of employment, incomes, and skills in local communities. The creation of microenterprises enhances the resilience of local rural communities through diversification of income sources.
Component 3: Improved Road Safety. This component will support the Government aspirations towards SDG 3.6 on decreasing the number of road crashes by 50 percent by 2030. This is a very ambitious target, which will require coordinated, sustained efforts from multiple ministries and agencies and a dedicated long-term commitment to address road safety challenges in a comprehensive way. The MPA approach allows the Government to set and pursue such ambitious goals, which is not achievable under a standard investment project of 4 years. This component will finance: prioritization, design, civil works, and supervision of high crash risk location and speed management improvement programs along the entire N1 corridor; implementation of a safe school program along the entire corridor; improvements in post-crash response; capacity building to improve long-term road safety expertise; and other priority activities focusing on improving road safety as designed through road safety sub-components on-going Integrated Feeder Roads Development Project (IFRDP) and the proposed Southern Africa Trade and Connectivity Project (including on vehicle inspections; speed management, driver licensing, others).
Component 4: Capacity Building and Project Management. The project is proposed to include the following capacity building activities: routine maintenance through microenterprises - capacity building for ANE, RF and local communities; road safety management focused on safe system approach; road safety audits, speed management; post-crash response; preparation of future projects, and other areas to be defined during the course of project preparation.
Component 5: Contingency Emergency Response Component (CERC): This component will facilitate access to rapid financing by allowing reallocation of uncommitted project funds in the event of a natural disaster either by formal declaration of a national or regional state of emergency or upon a formal request from the Government of Mozambique (GoM). This component will use project specific CERC mechanism.
Rakesh Tripathi, Nargis Ryskulova
Senior Transport Specialist
Ministry of Economy and Finance
Adriano Afonso Maleiane
Minister of Economy and Finance
Isabel Maria Sumar
National Director for Public Debt Management
NATIONAL ROADS ADMINISTRATION (ANE – ADMINISTRAÇÃO NACIONAL DE ESTRADAS)
National Institute of Land Transport (INATTER – Instituto National de Transportes Terrestres)
Director of Technical Regulation
Ministry of Health
Director - Medical Emergency Services of Mozambique (SEMO)
ROAD FUND (FUNDO DE ESTRADAS)
Ângelo António Macuacua
Ministry of Transport & Communications
Cláudio D. Camião Zunguze
National Director of Transport and Road Safety
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