Greater Beirut Public Transport Project (WB-P160224)

  • Lebanon
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Specific Location
Greater Beirut
Whenever identified, the area within countries where the impacts of the investment may be experienced. Exact locations of projects may not be identified fully or at all in project documents. Please review updated project documents and community-led assessments.
Financial Institutions
  • World Bank (WB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Mar 15, 2018
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Government of Lebanon
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Construction
  • Infrastructure
  • Transport
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Potential Rights Impacts
  • Healthy Environment
  • Housing & Property
  • Labor & Livelihood
Only for projects receiving a detailed analysis, a broad category of human and environmental rights and frequently at-risk populations.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 225.20 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD)
$ 345.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ WB website

Updated in EWS Aug 28, 2019

Disclosed by Bank Sep 11, 2017

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

The development objective of Greater Beirut Public Transport Project for Lebanon is to improve the speed, quality and accessibility of public transport for passengers in Greater Beirut and at the city of Beirut’s northern entrance.

The project has three components.

  1. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) infrastructure, fleet, and systems, aims to finance goods, works, and consulting services for detailed design, construction, and supervision of the BRT infrastructure on the Northern Highway and outer ring road of Beirut including stations, terminals, depots, park and ride facilities, intersections, pedestrian crossings and pedestrian bridges, corridor traffic management system, and so on.
  2. Feeder and regular bus services and integration in urban environment, aims to finance goods, works, and services for bus stops and shelters, street furniture, and roadworks as needed along the bus roads.
  3. The third component, Capacity building and project management, aims to finance consulting services, firms, or experts, for institutional strengthening for the supervision of BRT/feeder operations at Railways and Public Transport Authority (RPTA) and other relevant agencies.
Early Warning System Project Analysis
For a project with severe or irreversible impacts to local community and natural resources, the Early Warning System Team may conduct a thorough analysis regarding its potential impacts to human and environmental rights.

Risk Assessment: Category A.

The World Bank classifies proposed projects based on the type, location, sensitivity, and scale of the project and the nature and severity of its potential environmental impacts. Category A is assigned to a project only if it is likely to have “significant adverse environmental impacts that are sensitive, diverse or unprecedented.”


Environmental Assessment OP/BP 4.01 - This safeguard is triggered due to the size and nature of the Project and its potential to cause adverse environmental and social impacts that are sensitive, diverse and unprecedented. The project is likely to have impacts on traffic, emissions and air quality, noise, soil and water resources and biodiversity.

Physical Cultural Resources OP/BP 4.11 - This safeguard is triggered due to a number of cultural heritage sites, including graveyards, which will potentially be affected by the Project. Impacts on archaeological features from any project that involves construction works in Lebanon are always a possibility due to the rich history of the country. Any site works will involve excavation to some degree. 

Involuntary Resettlement OP/BP 4.12 - This safeguard is triggered because component 1 of the project entails the acquisition of land, through expropriation, resulting in the potential displacement of individuals (residents), loss of land and other private assets and income.

People Affected By This Project
People Affected By This Project refers to the communities of people likely to be affected positively or negatively by a project.


Right to Property & Adequate Housing

According to bank documents, in some areas along the highway in the northern corridor from Nahr el Kalb to Tabarja there is a need to expropriate approximately 235 m2 of private lands to accommodate the pedestrian infrastructure of the stations along the sidewalks. This is likely to disrupt people's right to property. The element of displacing some residents and 60,220m2 of plots to be affected also impacts on this right.

Right to Livelihood

According to bank documents, the existing public transport modes is a source of livelihood for many individuals and source of profit to private operators. The introduction of the BRT system will impact the existing services through the shift of passengers to the new system. Hence, there will be a significant impact on the income and livelihood of the existing operators. The element of displacing some residents and business persons also impacts on this right.

Right to a Healthy Environment

According to bank documents, certain construction techniques such as pile driving would generate high, impulsive noise levels that would be substantially higher than existing noise levels and would exceed the absolute noise level limits established by local jurisdictions. This noise will likely disturb people living and conducting businesses nearby the work sites.

Right to Water

According to bank documents, impacts from potential accidental spills or leaks of chemicals and fuels have been determined to be highly propable. The main rivers running east-west and passing under the BRT path have been identified to be the main nearby receptor to surface water pollution from the BRT. There is likely to be impacts on groundwater and water bodies from the construction activities. 


Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.

Implementing Agency:
Council for Development and Reconstruction
Wafaa Charafeddine
Funding Division Director


The World Bank Inspection Panel is the independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by a World Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Inspection Panel, they may investigate to assess whether the World Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can contact the Inspection Panel or submit a complaint by emailing You can learn more about the Inspection Panel and how to file a complaint at:

How it works

How it works