• Djibouti
  • Kenya
  • Somalia
  • South Sudan
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • African Development Bank (AFDB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Jan 24, 2022
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
*Borrower information not provided at the time of disclosure*
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Climate and Environment
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 19.83 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD)
$ 138.93 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ AFDB website

Updated in EWS May 25, 2022

Disclosed by Bank Dec 17, 2021

Contribute Information
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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

According to bank provided information, the Program to Build Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security in the Horn of Africa (BREFONS) is designed as a follow-on phase of the DRSLP with the objective of improving the living standards for women, youth, and the population in general. BREFONS is one of the priority programs identified under the Horn of Africa Initiative. This regional Program was prepared and designed to be implemented in six countries, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, and Sudan. Due to the uncertain security situation in two of the countries, Ethiopia and Sudan, Program implementation in these countries will be deferred until a more conducive environment is attained. Implementation will therefore be undertaken in a phased approach with the first phase being in four countries (Djibouti, Kenya, Somalia, and South Sudan) with a follow up phase in Ethiopia and Sudan at a later period. The Program has four components: (i) strengthening pastoral and agropastoral production systems’ resilience to climate change; (ii) supporting the development of agribusiness; (iii) building the capacity of pastoral and agropastoral communities to adapt to climate change; and (iv) coordination of the program. The total program cost is UA 97.60 million which will benefit approximately 3 million pastoralists and farmers.


The main outcomes include: (i) Increased agricultural (crops and livestock) production to up 30%, (ii) Increased annual income per capita by about 30%, (iii) 180,000 pastoralists and farmers with access to TAAT innovative technologies and practices, (iv) 450,000 pastoralists and farmers benefiting from extension by using digital advisory services under the program, (v) 35,000 additional jobs created for youth and women, (vi) Increased number of farmers and pastoralists using climate services e.g., index-based insurance, with a gender focus to 800,000 people and (vii) Periodic monitoring and reporting of the state of resilience at the national and regional levels.


BREFONS’s beneficiaries include populations in the Horn of Africa affected by climate change, including increased temperatures, high rainfall variability, and intense flooding, each of which have serious socioeconomic consequences. The program’s approach is to deploy an integrated suite of interventions to build resilience to climate change in these populations and improve food and nutrition security. Priority is given to areas in the IGAD cross-border clusters and economic corridors.

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

AfDB - U.A 13,930,000

The total program cost is UA 97.60 million

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.

Name UMUHIRE Chantal


You can submit an information request for project information at: Under the AfDBÕs Disclosure and Access to Information policy, if you feel the Bank has omitted to publish information or your request for information is unreasonably denied, you can file an appeal at 


The Independent Review Mechanism (IRM), which is administered by the Compliance Review and Mediation Unit (CRMU), is the independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who have been or are likely to be adversely affected by an African Development Bank (AfDB)-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the IRM, it may assist you by either seeking to address your problems by facilitating a dispute resolution dialogue between you and those implementing the project and/or investigating whether the AfDB complied with its policies to prevent environmental and social harms. You can submit a complaint electronically by emailing,,, and/or You can learn more about the IRM and how to file a complaint at: 

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How it works