Sudan - Sustainable Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project for North and South Kordofan (AFDB-P-SD-E00-004)

  • Sudan
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • African Development Bank (AFDB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Oct 9, 2019
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Government of Sudan
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Water and Sanitation
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 31.48 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ AFDB website

Updated in EWS Sep 10, 2020

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

According to bank documents, the Sustainable Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project in North and South Kordofan in the Republic of the Sudan strategically aligns with the Bank's Strategy for Addressing Fragility and Building Resilience in Africa (2014-2019). The project also addresses the objectives of the Bank's Second Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP2) by promoting adaptation priorities in the water sector as defined in the country's Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). This is an investment project targeting institutional capacity development and construction/ rehabilitation of infrastructures. The project will improve water supply and sanitation service in selected areas of North and South Kordofan states and benefit approximately 435,000 people. It will be implemented over 54 months with a closing date of September 2024 with a total cost approximately UA 25.218 million. The project benefits include: (a) improved reliability of the water and sanitation services; (b) increased water availability for economic activities; and (c) overall improvement of the public health situation.

The objective of the project is to improve households' livelihoods and resilience against climate variability and change in the project areas through provision of reliable water and sanitation services, including those of nomadic communities. Project outputs include: 1) Water service improvement to address challenges of water shortage in the target areas; 2) Sanitation and hygiene to promote good sanitation and hygiene practices for improved health; and 3) Capacity development aimed at economic empowerment of communities as well as ensuring sustainability of the investment.

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.

MUTASA Christopher 


The Independent Review Mechanism (IRM), which is administered by the Compliance Review and Mediation Unit (CRMU), is the independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who have been or are likely to be adversely affected by an African Development Bank (AfDB)-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the IRM, it may assist you by either seeking to address your problems by facilitating a dispute resolution dialogue between you and those implementing the project and/or investigating whether the AfDB complied with its policies to prevent environmental and social harms. You can submit a complaint electronically by emailing,,, and/or You can learn more about the IRM and how to file a complaint at 

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