Kenya - Kenya Mortgage Refinance Company (KMRC) (AFDB-P-KE-HB0-009)

  • Kenya
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • African Development Bank (AFDB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
May 15, 2019
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Government of Kenya
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Finance
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 51.70 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Currency conversion note:
Bank reported U.A 71,803,545.5
Converted using 2019-05-15 exchange rate.
Bank Documents
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ AFDB website

Updated in EWS Jun 14, 2020

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

The project consists of a sovereign loan to the Government of Kenya (GoK) of up to EUR 90 million to be on-lent to the Kenya Mortgage Refinance Company (KMRC) as a senior loan of up to EUR 72 million and a subordinated loan of up to EUR 18 million. The facility will complement the GoK's efforts to develop a self-sustaining long-term mortgage market and stimulate private sector investment in the housing sector in collaboration with the private sector, the AfDB, and other International Financial Institutions (IFIs). KMRC will be a capital market-based solution, which will extend mortgage refinance products and enable capital market access as an intermediary to Primary Mortgage Lenders (PMLs), which are mainly banks, Savings and Credit Cooperative Societies (SACCOS) as well as Microfinance Institutions (MFIs), in order to help improve the accessibility and affordability of mortgages. This will increase the number of qualifying borrowers and help in standardizing mortgage lending practices to drive efficiency, leading to expansion of the primary mortgage market and home ownership while supporting the deepening of the local capital markets concurrently. The proposed support to the establishment of KMRC will catalyze further deepening of domestic capital markets, mobilization of local savings for the purposes of providing long-term local currency funding for the purposes of mortgage finance and housing development in Kenya.

The funds from the AfDB will support the GoK endeavors to operationalize KMRC, and to promote lower middle and middle income earners access to affordable mortgages while concurrently catalyzing development of a sustainable domestic mortgage finance sector and local currency debt capital market. The project will increase uptake of home mortgage, development of sustainable and inclusive cities & supporting private sector to provide affordable housing.

The establishment of KMRC will create additional financial space for the construction of new houses, creating new jobs and assisting in improving Kenyan's quality of life, and access to affordable mortgage finance products. It is estimated that up to 4,000 new mortgages are to be supported through this proposed intervention by the Bank, directly impacting around 24,000 beneficiaries.

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.

ATTOUT Ahmed Rashad


The Independent Review Mechanism (IRM), which is administered by the Compliance Review and Mediation Unit (CRMU), is the independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who have been or are likely to be adversely affected by an African Development Bank (AfDB)-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the IRM, it may assist you by either seeking to address your problems by facilitating a dispute resolution dialogue between you and those implementing the project and/or investigating whether the AfDB complied with its policies to prevent environmental and social harms. You can submit a complaint electronically by emailing,,, and/or You can learn more about the IRM and how to file a complaint at

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How it works