Djibouti - Geothermal Exploration Project in the Lake Assal Region - Supplementary Grant II (AFDB-P-DJ-FA0-004)

  • Djibouti
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • African Development Bank (AFDB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Jan 15, 2020
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Government of Djibouti
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Energy
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 3.27 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ AFDB website

Updated in EWS Sep 8, 2020

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

According to bank documents, the project is part of a geothermal energy development programme aimed at improving the quality of life for Djibouti's population by increasing access to electricity through an expansion of the national energy production capacity. The specific project objectives are to: (i) increase the green energy generation capacity; (ii) reduce oil imports; and (iii) reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The proposed operation concerns a UA 2.36 million ADF grant to the Republic of Djibouti for the second supplementary financing of the Geothermal exploration project in the Lake Assal region. The geothermal exploration project in the Lake Assal region was approved by the Bank in 2013 in a context where access to electricity was relatively limited in Djibouti (50% access rate). It comprises the exploration of the Lake Assal geothermal steam field and confirmation of the characteristics of the geothermal resources. Ultimately, the project will contribute to: (i) building the first geothermal power plant in Djibouti; (ii) increasing clean energy generation capacity; (iii) increasing the people's access to electricity through a more reliable and affordable source of energy; (iv) reducing oil imports by 214 000 barrels of oil annually; and (v) reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 250 000 tons of CO2 annually. Thus, it will facilitate the improvement of the quality of life for the people of Djibouti. A supplementary loan of UA 10.74 million from the African Development Fund was approved to the project on 02 May 2018 to cover: (i) the cost of drilling the third well, including the non-funded activities of the first two wells; and (ii) the cost of additional consultancy services and conduct of a feasibility study on the development of a geothermal power plant. The execution of the three wells, Fiale-1, Fiale2 and Fiale-3, has been completed. All the wells were tested except Fiale-3 due to over budget. The mobilisation of additional resources will enable the project to clean up Fiale-2 and conduct further tests for all the wells in order to collect sufficiently reliable data for the feasibility study with an acceptable risk profile to attract potential investors for the development of a geothermal power plant at a reasonable electricity selling price. This second supplementary financing will facilitate the acceleration of the second phase of the project, which is the development of the geothermal power plant.

Investment Description
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Contact Information
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The Independent Review Mechanism (IRM), which is administered by the Compliance Review and Mediation Unit (CRMU), is the independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who have been or are likely to be adversely affected by an African Development Bank (AfDB)-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the IRM, it may assist you by either seeking to address your problems by facilitating a dispute resolution dialogue between you and those implementing the project and/or investigating whether the AfDB complied with its policies to prevent environmental and social harms. You can submit a complaint electronically by emailing,,, and/or You can learn more about the IRM and how to file a complaint at

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