Closing Gaps: The Medium-term Impacts of Teaching Quality in Primary School (IADB-EC-T1355)

  • Ecuador
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Aug 22, 2016
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Investment Type(s)
Advisory Services
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 1.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD)
$ 1.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ IADB website

Updated in EWS Dec 5, 2017

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.
The general objective of this Technical Cooperation (TC) is to continue the groundbreaking work of Closing Gaps. "Closing Gaps" is a longitudinal study in Ecuador collecting first-of-its-kind information on the relationship between teaching quality and children's learning in public elementary schools, and use the results to directly inform educational policy reform in the region. To this end, Closing Gaps has spent the past four years meticulously gathering and analyzing randomized control data from a cohort of Ecuadorian teachers and their students from the coastal region of the country, to identify the specific teacher characteristics and practices that allow young, disadvantaged children, who enter school with profound deficits in their cognitive development, to close their skills gaps and catch up to their peers as they advance through primary school. To this end, the TC has two specific objectives: (i) to generate evidence on learning outcomes from the cohort of students and teachers in the study during their 4th grade of elementary school, and (ii) to compare and analyze the results that have already been obtained from the project to determine whether the effects found of the impact of teacher quality on student learning are persistent over time and how they interact. These objectives will allow us to assess: (i) whether short-term teacher effects on children's learning and development observed after each year of schooling are maintained over time; (ii) how having a better teacher in one grade affects having a better teacher in the following grade;[1] (iii) whether teacher effects are stable from one year to another (Does teaching quality vary from year to year? Is a "good" teacher "good" across different school years? Is a teacher "good" with different groups of students?); and (iv) potential pilots of professional development interventions to increase teacher quality. This work will provide the foundation upon which policy makers in the region can build strong teacher policies to improve the delivery of high quality education.
Investment Description
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Contact Information
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ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISM OF IADB The Independent Consultation and Investigation Mechanism (MICI) is the independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who have been or are likely to be adversely affected by an Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) or Inter-American Investment Corporation (IIC)-funded project. If you submit a complaint to MICI, they may assist you in addressing the problems you raised through a dispute-resolution process with those implementing the project and/or through an investigation to assess whether the IDB or IIC is following its own policies for preventing or mitigating harm to people or the environment. You can submit a complaint by sending an email to You can learn more about the MICI and how to file a complaint at,1752.html (in English) or,1752.html (Spanish).

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How it works