Evaluate the impact of two early childhood parenting programs on child development and social adaptation at age of school entry in Brazil. In 2018 the two parenting programs were implemented in a novel randomized controlled trial. The current project aims to re-assess families who participated in the PIA trial 3-years ago, to assess medium-term effects of these two interventions on parenting practices, aggression against children, coping during the COVID-19 pandemic, and child cognition, mental health, social behavior, and biological indicators related to stress (cortisol, epigenetics).
**Project contacts not available at the time of disclosure.**
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