South Africa Mainstream Renewable Wind Power (MIGA-135121351313514)

  • South Africa
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Dec 22, 2016
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
International Lender to be Determined
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Energy
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 137.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ MIGA website

Updated in EWS Aug 19, 2021

Disclosed by Bank Oct 24, 2016

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

According to bank documents, Lekela Power B.V. (Lekela), a partnership between Actis, an existing MIGA client, and Mainstream Renewable Power (Mainstream), a global wind and solar developer and IFC client, is seeking MIGA's cover of its equity and shareholder loan investments in five wind farms projects in South Africa against the risk of transfer restrictions, expropriation, breach of contract and war and civil disturbance, as part of the company's overall risk management policy.

The Projects include the construction and operation of five wind farms in the Northern and Western Cape Provinces in South Africa: the 140 MW Khobab wind farm (Khobab) and the 140 MW Loeriesfontein 2 wind farm (Loeriesfontein 2) projects located in adjacent sites; the 80.5 MW Noupoort wind farm project (Noupoort); the 140MW Kangnas wind farm project (Kangnas); and the 110MW Perdekraal East wind farm project (Perdekraal East). Associated infrastructure includes internal and external electrical connections, substations and transmission lines, access roads; and operations and maintenance (O&M) buildings.

It is important to note that Mainstream plans to develop solar energy facilities within or nearby some of the sites selected for the proposed wind Projects. The Environmental Impact Assessments and other supplemental studies cover E&S risk and impacts associated with these solar facilities where applicable. However, the solar projects are out of the scope of the Projects proposed for MIGA coverage. Therefore, E&S risks and impacts specific to the solar energy facilities are not discussed in this ESRS.

The following is a brief description of each wind farm:

Noupoort - 80 MW operational wind farm located in the outskirts of the town of Noupoort within the Umsobomvu Local Municipality in the greater Pixley ka Seme District Municipality, Northern Cape Province. The total study area of the Noupoort site is made up by three private farms totaling 7,632ha of which the total built footprint is approximately 1,873ha.

Khobab - 140MW wind farm under construction on the remainder of the FarmSous No. 226 near Loeriesfontein, Northern Cape Province.

Leoriesfontein 2 - 140MW wind farm on Portion 1 and 2 of the Farm Aan De Karree Doorn Pan No. 213 near the town of Loeriesfontein, Northern Cape Province. The site is approximately 10,400ha in size of which a smaller area will be required for the establishment of the proposed wind farm. The Khobab and Loerisfontein sites are adjacent to each other.

Kangnas - Proposed 140 MW wind farm located on farm Kangnas portion 3 of 77, farm Smorgenskaduwee remaining portion of 127 and farm Areb remaining portion of 75 in the Nama Khoi municipality. These farms are located approximately 48 km east of Springbok and are accessed via the N14. Land identified for the location of the development of the project is approximately 22,000ha with the project footprint of approximately 3600ha.

Perdekraal - Proposed 110 MW wind farm located within the jurisdiction of the Winelands District Municipality and Breede River Local Municipality approximately 32 km north of the town of Touwsrivier. The site is made up of two land parcels of total area of 6,347.37ha. The project area is estimated at approximately 3,100ha including the wind turbine generators, roads, and its associated infrastructure. The Perdekraal site to support 48 wind turbines of 3.2MW after a significant reduction in wind turbines to accommodate the sites environmental constraints.

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.
Private Actor 1 Private Actor 1 Role Private Actor 1 Sector Relation Private Actor 2 Private Actor 2 Role Private Actor 2 Sector
- - - - Actis LLP Parent Company -
- - - - Lekela Power B.V. Client -
- - - - Mainstream Renewable Power Africa Holdings Limited Parent Company -

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.

*Contact information not provided at the time of disclosure*


The Compliance Advisor Ombudsman (CAO) is the independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an IFC or MIGA- financed project. If you submit a complaint to the CAO, they may assist you in resolving a dispute with the company and/or investigate to assess whether the IFC is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. If you want to submit a complaint electronically, you can email the CAO at You can learn more about the CAO and how to file a complaint at

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