Preparing the TAPI Gas Pipeline Project (Phase 1) (ADB-52167-002)

  • Europe and Central Asia
  • South Asia
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
  • Afghanistan
  • Pakistan
  • Turkmenistan
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Energy
  • Mining
  • Technical Cooperation
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 2.15 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ ADB website

Updated in EWS Mar 17, 2021

Disclosed by Bank May 26, 2020

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

According to the bank's website, "The governments of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan have each requested the Asian Development Bank (ADB) financing support for phase 1 of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline (the project) . In addition, the Government of Turkmenistan has requested ADB to provide a partial credit guarantee (PCG) in support to the project. The pipeline will extend approximately 1,600 kilometers (km), from the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan border to the Pakistan-India border. At full design capacity, the 56-inch TAPI pipeline can transport up to 33 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas per year from Turkmenistan to Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India over a commercial operations period of 30 years."

"The project comprises the design, procurement, installation and operation of the pipeline and related facilities (without compressor stations in phase 1) within Afghanistan and Pakistan. Concurrently, State Concern (Turkmengaz) makes use of its own resources (including financing secured from the Islamic Development Bank) to implement within Turkmenistan: (i) the appropriation of a dedicated portion of the Galkynysh gas field; (ii) the installation of approximately 200 km of upstream pipeline connecting the Galkynysh gas field with the project at the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan border; and (iii) the construction of one or more compressor stations. Similarly, GAIL (India) Limited (GAIL) will use its resources to implement within India the installation of approximately 10 km of downstream pipeline connecting the project at the Pakistan-India border with the existing GAIL gas network terminus in Fazilka. Once phase 1 is completed, the project is expected to transmit annually about one third (i.e. 11 bcm of gas) of the TAPI pipeline design capacity..."

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.
Private Actors Description
A Private Actor is a non-governmental body or entity that is the borrower or client of a development project, which can include corporations, private equity and banks. This describes the private actors and their roles in relation to the project, when private actor information is disclosed or has been further researched.

According to the bank, "In 2013, the governments of Afghanistan, India, Pakistan and Turkmenistan directed their respective state gas entities (hereinafter collectively referred to as the TAPI Sponsors) to develop, and invest in, the TAPI pipeline. The TAPI Sponsors became the founding shareholders of the TAPI Pipeline Company Limited (TPCL) incorporated in the Isle of Man (United Kingdom) in 2014 and holding its main office in Dubai (United Arab Emirates) since 2016. TPCL mandate is to develop, own, and operate the TAPI pipeline."

Private Actor 1 Private Actor 1 Role Private Actor 1 Sector Relation Private Actor 2 Private Actor 2 Role Private Actor 2 Sector
- - - - TAPI Pipeline Company Limited Client -

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.

Responsible ADB Officer Pladet, Roland C.J.
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Energy Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines


The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at:

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