The majority of Pacific Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are heavily dependent on diesel for power generation which has resulted in high electricity tariffs. The average supply cost for electricity across the Pacific is about $0.45/kilo-watt hour (kWh), which is high by international standards. The high cost of electricity is negatively impacting economic growth. Over reliance on imported fuel also depletes limited foreign reserves and exposes the SIDS economies to diesel price spikes. The proposed investment facility in renewable energy will target eleven smaller Pacific SIDS. Ten of the participating SIDS, except for Solomon Islands, are among the world's 25 smallest countries by population size . Total population of the eleven countries is less than 1.5 million.
Pacific SIDS have recognized the need to structurally shift power generation from diesel to renewable energy and all have aggressive national renewable energy targets, in some cases of up to 100% . The SIDS are endowed with cost-competitive renewable energy resources. However, the lack of access to adequate funding has limited the uptake of renewable energy. In order to fill the financing gap, Pacific SIDS are attracting independent power providers to invest in the sector amid significant barriers to entry of the private sector. Additionally, Pacific SIDS face significant capacity barriers to plan, design, implement and manage renewable energy investments. Continuous sector reform is also required to encourage the structural shift.
ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISM OF ADB
The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at: http://www.adb.org/site/accountability-mechanism/main