Supporting the School Education Sector Plan (ADB-49424-002)

  • Nepal
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  • World Bank (WB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Dec 6, 2022
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Government of Nepal
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Education and Health
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
Grant, Loan
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 201.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ ADB website

Updated in EWS Feb 6, 2023

Disclosed by Bank Dec 6, 2022

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

According to the ADB website:

The_results-based lending (RBL) program will assist the Government of Nepal in reforming the school education system through the implementation of its School Education Sector Plan (SESP) in a sector-wide approach (SWAp) supported by eight development partners, including the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The RBL program will strengthen equity, quality, and resilience of school education by helping the government (i) enhance learning provisions for basic and secondary schools; (ii) strengthen teaching and learning in basic and secondary schools; (iii) accelerate the recovery from learning losses caused by the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic; and (iv) improve the capacity of governments, especially local governments, for education planning, monitoring, and reporting.


Early Warning System Project Analysis
For a project with severe or irreversible impacts to local community and natural resources, the Early Warning System Team may conduct a thorough analysis regarding its potential impacts to human and environmental rights.
ADB's Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Environmental Aspects The RBL program is categorized as B for environment. In accordance with the ADB and the World Bank's respective safeguards policies, Environmental and Social Systems Assessment (ESSA) is completed upon examination of Nepal's existing legal, regulatory, and institutional framework for environment and social management systems (Annex 4 [to be replaced by website address once MOEST publishes]). Site specific and temporary construction-related environmental impacts are anticipated from upgrading of secondary schools which will include GESI friendly features and disaster and climate resilient design standards.
Involuntary Resettlement

No involuntary resettlement will occur under the RBL since minor civil works will be within existing school premises. Permanent and temporary involuntary resettlement impacts will be assessed. Program activities will be screened for such impacts. If any additional land is required, either negotiated settlement in compliance with para. 25 of ADB's SPS Safeguard Requirements 2 will apply, or voluntary donations following best practices to establish that the donation is indeed voluntary and not subject to any coercion, including from the community. Guidelines will be prepared that comply with SPS Safeguard Requirements 2 on involuntary resettlement for negotiated settlement and best practices on land donation processes. The program will ensure that failure of negotiation will not result in acquisition under eminent domain.

Indigenous Peoples The indigenous peoples (Adivasi and Janajatis) are expected to benefit from the program's affirmative actions, which will increase their participation and improve their learning outcomes. No major negative impacts on indigenous peoples are expected. The education curricula and teaching pedagogy should be relevant, nondiscriminatory, and child-centric. Their positive impact on indigenous peoples will be monitored. Affirmative actions will be adopted to enable the participation of indigenous peoples' children, such as incentive schemes relating to scholarships, free textbooks, residential facilities in remote locations, equity-index-based resource allocation, education in mother tongue, and allocation of quota for marginalized indigenous students. An environmental and social management framework was prepared to avoid any adverse impact while delivering program activities. It includes provisions to ensure that indigenous students receive culturally appropriate education benefits, do not suffer from adverse impacts, and can participate in and benefit from program activities.
Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

The other International Financial Institutions, as well as national development agencies, that are contributing to this project are listed on ADB's website as follows:

United Nations Children's Fund US$ 940,000.00
Government of Finland US$ 7.51 million
European Union US$ 15.39 million
United States Agency for International Development US$ 6.38 million
ATF - Norway TA Grant    US$ 6.83 million
Private Actors Description
A Private Actor is a non-governmental body or entity that is the borrower or client of a development project, which can include corporations, private equity and banks. This describes the private actors and their roles in relation to the project, when private actor information is disclosed or has been further researched.


The program will be jointly financed by seven other JFPs and financial resources of each financier will be co-mingled and administered by the borrower for the program. Under such an arrangement, OCR resources and financiers' resources will be used to jointly finance procurement packages and universal procurement is applicable.

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.

Responsible ADB Officer:

Gyawali, Smita
South Asia Department - Human and Social Development Division, SARD

No contacts available at the time of disclosure.


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The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at:

How it works

How it works