MFF CAREC Railway Connectivity Investment Program (ADB-48416-003)

  • Pakistan
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
  • Transport
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 1,000.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ ADB website

Updated in EWS Jun 26, 2020

Disclosed by Bank Sep 26, 2016

Contribute Information
Can you contribute information about this project?
Contact the EWS Team

Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.


The proposed multitranche financing facility (MFF) will improve the railway sector in Pakistan by making the railway transport system more efficient and competitive. The outcome will be improved railway corridor of Lahore-Peshawar and improved PR's institutional efficiency. The outputs will be (i) approximately 411 km of upgraded and dualized railway track for the Lahore-Peshawar section of ML-1 together with new signaling and telecommunications system (including power supply for these systems) and upgraded passenger facilities at Lahore, Rawalpindi, and Peshawar stations; (ii) 52 km of newly constructed double-track rail line linking Kaluwal and Pindora; and (iii) PR's modernized and IT-based accounting system and PR's accounting data and information transformed and migrated into the new accounting system.


For the past 150 years, railways have played an important role in the social, political, and economic life in Pakistan. For most of that time, railways were the leading mode of transport, in many places the only available mode. In a relatively large country, railways have offered unique advantages for transporting freight and passengers over long distances. In the past 20-30 years, however, increasing competition from road transport has reduced railway's market share. As of 2016, railway accounts for 4% of freight traffic and 6% of passenger traffic with major shares taken by road. As a result, the financial performance of PR, has deteriorated and has not generated enough resources to finance necessary investments in asset replacement and capacity expansion.In Pakistan, government's public investments have been heavily skewed favorably to the road sector. Neglected from public investments and overburdened with social responsibilities, the performance of the railway sector had continuously deteriorated until 2011 and the sector was on the verge of a collapse, faced with poor rail infrastructure with huge backlog of maintenance, outdated and non-functioning locomotives and rolling stocks. Since 2011, however, PR's operational performance has markedly improved and helped avoid a total failure of the sector mainly owing to improved availability of functioning locomotives and PR's well-thought-out marketing strategies like strategic tariff setting, adroit market segmentation and focusing on profitable target markets, and long-term engagement with clients.Despite recent improvement, the railway sector need upgrade its infrastructure on a large scale to provide more competitive transport services, regain the market share lost to roads, and ultimately rebalance the unbearably unbalanced modal share between rail and road in the country. Rebalancing the modal shares will accrue huge economic benefits to the country by relieving the overloaded road sector of overstress to road infrastructure and excessive maintenance burden and better utilizing huge sunk investments of rail infrastructure which, otherwise, will be left idle and further deteriorated. The Vision 2025 emphasizes the importance of railway transport and arranges public supports to revitalize the railway sector.


Efficiency and competitiveness of the railway transport system to be improved.


Efficiency in railway corridor of Lahore-Peshawar improved.


Consulting services will be required for supervising construction, assisting Pakistan Railways in carrying out the accounting system reforms, and preparing subsequent tranches. Consultants will be recruited through firms in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time).


Procurement of goods, civil works, and related services financed from the ADB loan will be done in accordance with ADB's Guidelines for Procurement (2015, as amended from time to time).

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

MFF Facility Concept: MFF Railway Sector Development Investment Program
Ordinary capital resources US$ 1,000.00 million

To be determined US$ 1,000.00 million

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.


The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at:


Responsible ADB Officer Pyo, Dong-Soo
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, CWRD
Executing Agencies
The Ministry of Railways
Government of Pakistan D-Block, Pak Secretariat
Islamabad, Pakistan 44000

How it works

How it works