Big Data Analytics in Agriculture and Seaports (ADB-57319-001)

Regions
  • East Asia and Pacific
  • South Asia
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Countries
  • Bangladesh
  • Indonesia
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Specific Location
Chittagong, Matarbari Channel (Bangladesh), Tanjung Perak (Indonesia)
Whenever identified, the area within countries where the impacts of the investment may be experienced. Exact locations of projects may not be identified fully or at all in project documents. Please review updated project documents and community-led assessments.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Approved
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
U
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Jan 31, 2024
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Borrower
Government of Indonesia, Government of Bangladesh
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
Sectors
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Climate and Environment
  • Industry and Trade
  • Law and Government
  • Technical Cooperation
  • Transport
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
Advisory Services
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 0.23 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Grant Amount (USD)
$ 0.23 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD)
$ 0.23 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Bank Documents
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ ADB website

Updated in EWS Feb 5, 2024

Disclosed by Bank Jan 31, 2024


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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

As stated by the ADB, climate change is a significant contributor to extreme weather events, causing widespread damage to both the environment and communities worldwide. The Asia-Pacific region is particularly vulnerable to these impacts primarily due to the region's heavy reliance on agriculture and densely populated coastal areas. Unfortunately, human activities play a crucial role in making these events more frequent and severe.

This TA explores climate change from these two perspectives. Firstly, it acknowledges the impact of climate change on agriculture production and food security, and explores effective adaptation strategies. Secondly, it recognizes the influence of human activities on the environment and the need to understand and minimize this. The complex relationship between climate change and human activities in diverse local contexts necessitates further research to inform effective mitigation and adaptation strategies.

From the first perspective, this TA explores the impact of climate change on agricultural production and food security, and effective adaptation strategies to mitigate climate risks. According to estimates by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (UN FAO), between 2008 and 2018, Asia alone suffered disaster-related crop and livestock production losses worth approximately USD 207 billion, accounting for about 74 percent of the global loss. Most of these losses occurred in China, which accounted for 55 percent of the global total, amounting to USD 153 billion. With climate change expected to intensify extreme weather events, this situation is likely to worsen without timely adaptation actions. The majority of farmers in the region are smallholders who rely on their produce for both food and income. Therefore, agricultural losses could directly lead to increased hunger and malnutrition, as well as reduced income and well-being for the poorest populations. Additionally, large-scale production reductions could trigger food price volatility and create food crises at national and regional levels.

To tackle these challenges, the initial step involves data analysis of the impact of climate change on agricultural production and food security. By utilizing historical data on climate and crop production, we will develop models to analyze the relationship between climate variables and crop yield, as well as to estimate crop losses due to extreme weather events. With advancements in meteorology and climatology, we now have access to future climate projections with higher spatial and temporal resolution, enabling more precise and geospatially granular forecasting of the potential impacts of climate change on agricultural production. Furthermore, our research may include adaptation strategies, such as agricultural insurance, climate-resilient seeds, improved irrigation systems, if data are available.

From the second perspective of human impact on climate change, the TA will focus on human activities at coastal waters, specifically, at seaports. In facilitating the delivery of goods and services across global supply chains, seaports play a crucial role. It serves as a hub for international trade and provides temporary storage and handling facilities. As such, Asian Development Bank has a number of projects focusing on the development of seaports . Numerous studies have explored seaport performance indicators, highlighting their significant impacts for economic growth, and this economic impact has shown to be increasing in developing member countries (DMCs), e.g., Indonesia. Nevertheless, it is equally important to recognize that seaport development has environmental consequences.

Multiple organizations, such as OECD and US EPA, have emphasized the role of seaports in the aquatic ecosystem. The discharge of wastewater, containing organic waste, nutrients, and heavy metals from various onboard activities, introduces a new set of challenges. Pollutants like nitrogen and phosphorus from human waste and detergents can trigger eutrophication in coastal waters, fostering excessive algal growth and oxygen depletion. At seaports, where ships linger for extended periods, uncontrolled activities could potentially lead to habitat degradation, poor water quality, public health hazards, and loss of biodiversity. In this SSTA, depending on data availability, key seaports of select DMCs will be identified and analyzed using non-traditional, satellite data with high spatial and temporal resolution to explore potential environmental indicators that could provide more granular and timely information.

Thus, this knowledge and support TA will generate knowledge to: (i) estimate the impact of climate change on agriculture production and investigate effective climate change adaptation strategies, and (ii) estimate the impact of seaport activities to coastal water quality. The insights from this TA will enable DMCs and ADB to take proactive steps in tackling climate change challenges, make well-informed decisions, and strive to establish economies and ecosystems that are resilient to climate change impacts, thereby promoting the long-term sustainability and welfare of these countries. By understanding the impact of seaport activities on coastal water quality, this TA will contribute to the protection of marine ecosystems and ocean health. The TA will also generate novel datasets derived from non-traditional sources, offering high spatial and temporal resolution insights into the target area, while concurrently building related capacity in targeted DMCs to effectively utilize the dataset and generated knowledge. These datasets and algorithms -- together with capacity building activities -- can be provided to identified DMCs to equip them in developing data-driven climate policies. This TA is well aligned with Strategy 2030, particularly tackling climate change (OP3), promoting food security (OP5) and strengthening institutional capacity in DMCs (OP6), particularly in big data capabilities.

For the study of the impacts of climate change on agricultural production and food security, possible DMCs include PRC, India, and Vietnam, contingent on the availability of data. For the study of seaport activities on coastal water quality, possible DMCs include Bangladesh and Indonesia, depending on data availability. Regional departments will be consulted as part of a collaborative approach to finalize the DMCs. This approach ensures that the SSTA is closely aligned with the operational priorities of ADB as outlined in the corporate results framework.

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.

ADB Team Leader:

Yating Ru - Economist (Young Professional Program)

No contacts provided at the time of disclosure.

Executing Agency - Asian Development Bank:

No project contacts provided at the time of disclosure.

ACCESS TO INFORMATION

You can submit an information request for project information at: https://www.adb.org/forms/request-information-form

ADB has a two-stage appeals process for requesters who believe that ADB has denied their request for information in violation of its Access to Information Policy. You can learn more about filing an appeal at: https://www.adb.org/site/disclosure/appeals

ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISM OF ADB

The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at: http://www.adb.org/site/accountability-mechanism/main.

How it works

How it works