Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0-Comprehensive Municipal Waste Management in Indian Cities Program (ADB-56286-001)

  • South Asia
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
  • India
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Specific Location
Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh
Whenever identified, the area within countries where the impacts of the investment may be experienced. Exact locations of projects may not be identified fully or at all in project documents. Please review updated project documents and community-led assessments.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Dec 12, 2023
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Government of India
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Infrastructure
  • Water and Sanitation
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Potential Rights Impacts
  • Healthy Environment
  • Labor & Livelihood
  • Right to Water
Only for projects receiving a detailed analysis, a broad category of human and environmental rights and frequently at-risk populations.
Investment Type(s)
Advisory Services, Loan
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 203.15 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Loan Amount (USD)
$ 200.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Grant Amount (USD)
$ 3.15 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD)
$ 400.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ ADB website

Updated in EWS Feb 1, 2024

Disclosed by Bank Mar 13, 2023

Contribute Information
Can you contribute information about this project?
Contact the EWS Team

Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

According to ADB documents, The flagship 5-year Swachh Bharat (Clean India) Mission-Urban 2.0 (SBM-U 2.0) of the Government of India was launched in 2021, committing to making all cities “garbage-free cities” (GFCs) by 2026, 1 while maintaining open-defecation free (ODF) status across 4,372 urban local bodies (ULBs).The results-based lending (RBL) program of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a geographic, time- and scope-based slice of the government’s program, covering an estimated 100 cities across eight states. The RBL program will enhance municipal sanitation and solid waste management (SWM) infrastructure, improve access and service delivery, and bolster the enabling environment for sustainable waste management. It aims to boost the performance of target states in comprehensive waste management, drawing on ADB's experience, lessons, and previous engagements in the sector of water and other urban infrastructure and services.

The RBL program impacts will be healthy citizens living in resilient, garbage-free cities with clean air, clean water, and clean, and emissions intensity reduced by 45% from 2005 levels, by 2030. 4 The outcome—improved performance of target states in comprehensive waste management—will be measured by at least 100 ULBs in the target states achieving a GFC 3-star rating or higher, and achieving ODF+ status. 5 The disbursement-linked indicators (DLI) are aligned with those of the broader government program. The outcome will be achieved through the following two outputs: (i) sanitation and SWM infrastructure, access, and service delivery improved; and (ii) enabling environment for sustainable waste management strengthened.

The program implementation arrangements will follow those of the government-owned program. MOHUA is the executing agency responsible for the overall coordination of the program, while the National Mission Directorate in MOHUA is the implementing agency and will supervise and monitor program implementation. MOHUA is supported by a team of 20 PMU staff. MOHUA engages with states through quarterly review forums and provides technical inputs and analysis routinely as the nodal entity. The state mission directorates are supported by dedicated PMUs. ULBs’ municipal commissioners (executive officers) are responsible for implementing SBM-U 2.0 locally. ADB will conduct regular reviews during the implementation of the RBL program.


People Affected By This Project
People Affected By This Project refers to the communities of people likely to be affected positively or negatively by a project.

Due diligence conducted during the program safeguard systems assessment (PSSA) in sample states of Assam and Tamil Nadu indicates that poorly designed, constructed, and/or operated SWM facilities may have impacts that include (i) land, groundwater and/or surface water pollution from contaminated surface runoff and leachate generated from SWM facilities; (ii) dust and air emissions including sulfides, odors, among others from landfills, processing plants among others, litter and aesthetic impacts; (iii) rodents, pests, vectors, bird menace, and health hazards; (iv) risk of fires; (v) occupational and community health and safety risks; and (vi) noise and vibration. Location of facilities further influences the significance of these impacts.

RBL program will exclude activities likely to entail land acquisition, physical displacement and/or permanent economic impacts to any individual, household, or community. Government lands will be used. Screening of projects for associated social safeguard risks and impacts (including those to squatters and other non-titleholders) will be conducted to ensure that exclusion criteria are met.

Assessment of sample projects proposed and/or sanctioned under Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM 2.0) indicate that the projects do not involve land acquisition and related resettlement impacts.Limited resettlement impacts such as temporary economic impacts to rag pickers and waste collectors, impacts to informal users and/or lessees of government land as playgrounds and for cropping are anticipated during project implementation and/or civil work. The program through the ULBs will ensure that the waste collectors who are likely to face temporary economic impacts continue to have access to waste during project implementation. ULBs will develop a system to organize and engage with informal waste collectors and facilitate their participation in waste management services and operation of project facilities.

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

The overall RBL program expenditure from 2023 to 2026 is $400 million. The government requested a loan of $200 million from ADB’s ordinary capital resources while providing the rest of the program’s financing itself.

The TA financing amount is $3.15 million, of which (i) $2.00 million (for output 1) will be financed on a grant basis by the Urban Resilience Trust Fund (URTF) under the Urban Financing Partnership Facility;10 (ii) $1.00 million (for output 2) will be financed on a grant basis by the Republic of Korea e-Asia and Knowledge Partnership Fund (EAKPF) and administered by ADB and (iii) $0.15 million (for output 3) will be financed by the Sanitation Financing Partnership Trust Fund (SFPTF) under the Water Financing Partnership Facility (WFPF).

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.
Responsible ADB Officer Kohlhase, Jude Ernest
Responsible ADB Department Sectors Group
Responsible ADB Division Water and Urban Development Sector Office (SG-WUD)
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs


You can submit an information request for project information at: https://www.adb.org/forms/request-information-form

ADB has a two-stage appeals process for requesters who believe that ADB has denied their request for information in violation of its Access to Information Policy. You can learn more about filing an appeal at: https://www.adb.org/site/disclosure/appeals


The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at: http://www.adb.org/site/accountability-mechanism/main.

How it works

How it works