According to the bank's website, "The governments of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan have each requested the Asian Development Bank (ADB) financing support for phase 1 of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline (the project) . In addition, the Government of Turkmenistan has requested ADB to provide a partial credit guarantee (PCG) in support to the project. The pipeline will extend approximately 1,600 kilometers (km), from the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan border to the Pakistan-India border. At full design capacity, the 56-inch TAPI pipeline can transport up to 33 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas per year from Turkmenistan to Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India over a commercial operations period of 30 years."
"The project comprises the design, procurement, installation and operation of the pipeline and related facilities (without compressor stations in phase 1) within Afghanistan and Pakistan. Concurrently, State Concern (Turkmengaz) makes use of its own resources (including financing secured from the Islamic Development Bank) to implement within Turkmenistan: (i) the appropriation of a dedicated portion of the Galkynysh gas field; (ii) the installation of approximately 200 km of upstream pipeline connecting the Galkynysh gas field with the project at the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan border; and (iii) the construction of one or more compressor stations. Similarly, GAIL (India) Limited (GAIL) will use its resources to implement within India the installation of approximately 10 km of downstream pipeline connecting the project at the Pakistan-India border with the existing GAIL gas network terminus in Fazilka. Once phase 1 is completed, the project is expected to transmit annually about one third (i.e. 11 bcm of gas) of the TAPI pipeline design capacity..."
According to the bank, "In 2013, the governments of Afghanistan, India, Pakistan and Turkmenistan directed their respective state gas entities (hereinafter collectively referred to as the TAPI Sponsors) to develop, and invest in, the TAPI pipeline. The TAPI Sponsors became the founding shareholders of the TAPI Pipeline Company Limited (TPCL) incorporated in the Isle of Man (United Kingdom) in 2014 and holding its main office in Dubai (United Arab Emirates) since 2016. TPCL mandate is to develop, own, and operate the TAPI pipeline."
|Private Actor 1||Private Actor 1 Role||Private Actor 1 Sector||Relation||Private Actor 2||Private Actor 2 Role||Private Actor 2 Sector|
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Responsible ADB Officer Pladet, Roland C.J.
Responsible ADB Department Central and West Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Energy Division, CWRD
Asian Development Bank
6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City 1550, Philippines
ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISM OF ADB
The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at: http://www.adb.org/site/accountability-mechanism/main