Under component 1, the consultant will (i) conduct policy, governance, and institutional assessments; (ii) evaluate the results of the rural water supply operation and maintenance (O&M) and rural sanitation transfer pilot for the subnational administration; (iii) evaluate the level of completion of actions outlined under the National Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Strategy, 2014–2025; the National Action Plan for Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene, 2014–2018; and other documents; (v) draft sub-decrees, guidelines, and manuals in support of pending actions; (vi) prepare a policy matrix for policy-based lending; and (vii) conduct all program level assessments required by ADB as per the latest ADB guidelines and templates for policy-based loans. Key areas of expertise for this component will include institutions and governance, policy, decentralization, and relevant technical areas (including RWSS). 8.
Under component 2, the consultants will assess staff strength, skills, and responsibilities at the national, provincial, and district levels, and develop a carefully designed capacity building initiative for district administration in response to functional assignment transfer for RWSS under the batch 1 subprojects. In addition, the consultants will review existing manuals and guidelines and propose relevant updates in areas such as community management, O&M, user charges, community collection and administration, groundwater protection and conservation, water conservation, behavior change communication, and environmental and hygiene education and awareness programs and campaigns. Key areas of expertise for this component will include institutions, governance and capacity development. 9.
Under Component 3 (a), for the six Tonle Sap provinces, the consultant will conduct a background assessment that will encompass the following tasks: (i) assess the total financial envelope available for the sector; (ii) describe, map, and quantify the condition of basic RWSS amenities and services; (iii) assess managerial and administrative arrangements; (iv) conduct an inventory and critically review all relevant initiatives for infrastructure development, studies, plans, and programs, and public and private sector proposals in selected districts for sector implementation; (v) describe existing relevant O&M procedures, tariffs, and status of billing and collection for the selected subsectors; (vi) prepare a financing and budgeting strategy for safe RWSS, focusing on poor and vulnerable households, and reviewing the proportion of contribution that should be made by communities in each province and district (including through socio-economic and willingness to pay surveys to set criteria and setting of local rates); (vii) propose new approaches for how the investment loan will deliver RWSS interventions, including the possible use of service delivery contracts and/or output-based subsidies, pro-poor mechanisms for better targeting, household-level financing solutions, ad access to financing for poor households; and (viii) make recommendations for updating the sector investment plan for RWSS. 10. Under component 3 (b), the consultant will develop feasibility studies for batch 1 subprojects based largely on the approach taken under the Second Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project but also incorporating new approaches as per the findings under the outputs of components 1, 2, and 3
(a). Development of the feasibility studies will encompass the following: (i) prepare a preliminary engineering design for subprojects for four districts under batch 1, and undertake detailed subproject preparation activities, including an analysis of suitable technical options that incorporate climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction measures; (ii) estimate all program costs at market rates; (iii) present an overall procurement plan with procurement contract packages for all batches, clearly indicating the packages to be financed in line with ADB’s Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time), and prepare master bidding documents for batch 1 subprojects; (iv) prepare detailed financing and disbursement plans; (v) conduct assessments focusing on governance, poverty and social aspects, involuntary resettlement, indigenous peoples, and environmental impacts (including rapid assessment of climate risks); (vi) conduct program economic and financial analyses, in accordance with ADB’s guidelines for economic analysis and financial management and analysis of projects, for the sector and sample subprojects;5 (vii) review, design, and test mechanisms for access to finance for household sanitation to ensure viability during implementation, and thoroughly assess institutions for delivery during upscaling; (viii) through a socioeconomic survey and other tools, assess the program’s social impact, preparing poverty and social assessment and a gender action plan; (ix) confirm the safeguards categorizations, preparing indigenous peoples, resettlement, and environmental frameworks, and planning documents for batch 1 subprojects; and (x) develop standard contracts for O&M.