Solar Rooftop Investment Program (ADB-49419-001)

  • South Asia
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
  • India
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  • World Bank (WB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Sep 30, 2016
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Punjab National Bank, State Bank of India, National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Energy
  • Finance
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 500.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Loan Amount (USD)
$ 500.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD)
$ 505.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ ADB website

Updated in EWS Jun 18, 2024

Disclosed by Bank Nov 9, 2016

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

According to the ADB, the proposed $505 million sovereign-guaranteed Solar Rooftop Investment Program (SRIP) is a multitranche financing facility, consisting of $500 million financial intermediation loans and a $5 million capacity development technical assistance. As requested by the Government of India, Punjab National Bank would be the borrower, and the India would provide a sovereign guarantee to the Asian Development Bank for the SRIP. The SRIP intends to primarily finance large solar rooftop systems on industrial and commercial buildings on standalone or aggregated basis. Punjab National Bank's loans to subborrowers will be priced based on Punjab National Bank's cost of funds and subproject-specific risks. The proposed accompanying technical assistance for $5 million is critical to integrate the building blocks of the Government of India's sector development initiative to ensure a viable market demand, by strengthening (i) Punjab National Bank's institutional capacity, and (ii) certain market development elements. SRIP's value addition, inclusive of $330 million from ordinary capital resources and $170 million from Clean Technology Fund, is to facilitate India's transition to a low carbon economy and therefore contribute to the climate change goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 441,700 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent annually, or about 11 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent over the typical 25-year lifetime of rooftop solar systems.


The Government of India (government) plans to expand the country's solar rooftop capacity by 40 gigawatts (GW) by 2022. To fuel India's economic growth, its power system will have to expand rapidly over the next decade. This is also to maintain national energy security and expand energy access to all people in India. To ensure environmental sustainability, the government places a high priority on renewable energy development. India's National Action Plan on Climate Change (prepared in 2008) outlines existing and future policies and programs addressing climate mitigation and adaptation. Under the plan, the government launched the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) in 2010 to add 20 GW of grid connected solar energy by 2022. On 17 July 2015, the Union Cabinet approved a revised JNNSM proposal to increase the original 20 GW solar energy target to 100 GW by 2022, including 40 GW of rooftop solar energy generation. The proposed Solar Rooftop Investment Program would therefore (i) establish a solar rooftop financing facility at Punjab National Bank to provide dedicated debt financing to help India meet its 40 GW solar rooftop capacity target by 2022; and (ii) provide associated institutional capacity and market development support, leading to a pipeline of bankable subprojects.

Early Warning System Project Analysis
For a project with severe or irreversible impacts to local community and natural resources, the Early Warning System Team may conduct a thorough analysis regarding its potential impacts to human and environmental rights.

The ADB stated that the project risks have been "categorized as FI, treated as C."

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

MFF Facility Concept 0095-IND: Solar Rooftop Investment Program
Ordinary capital resources US$ 330.00 million

Clean Technology Fund US$ 170.00 million

TA 9187-IND: Solar Rooftop Investment Program
Clean Technology Fund US$ 5.00 million

MFF Facility Concept: Solar Rooftop Investment Program
World Bank (IBRD) US$ 647.90 million

Financial Intermediary
A financial intermediary is a bank or financial institution that receives funds from a development bank. A financial intermediary then lends these funds to their clients (private actors) in the form of loans, bonds, guarantees and equity shares. Financial intermediaries include insurance, pension and equity funds. The direct financial relationship is between the development bank and the financial intermediary.
Private Actors Description
A Private Actor is a non-governmental body or entity that is the borrower or client of a development project, which can include corporations, private equity and banks. This describes the private actors and their roles in relation to the project, when private actor information is disclosed or has been further researched.

As stated by Bloomberg, Punjab National Bank provides financial services such as corporate and personal banking, industrial finance, agricultural finance, financing of trade and international banking. The Company provides services to domestic conglomerates, medium and small industrial units, exporters, non-resident Indians and multinational companies.

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) operates as a bank. The Bank offers institutional credit, direct finance, and other banking services for agriculture and rural development. NABARD serves communities in India.
State Bank of India provides a wide range of banking and financial services to corporate, institutional, commercial, agricultural, industrial and individual customers throughout India. The Bank also provides international banking to its Indian customers and has operations in other countries.

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.


The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at:


Responsible ADB Officer Acharya, Jiwan S.
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division India Resident Mission
Executing Agencies Punjab National Bank
7, Bhikhaiji Cama Place

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