The specific objective of the proposed Capital Market Development Program (CMDP) is the enhanced capacity and size of the capital market that is grounded on a strong legal and regulatory framework. The CMDP is scheduled to be approved by the Board in the fourth quarter of 2016.
PROJECT RATIONALE AND LINKAGE TO COUNTRY/REGIONAL STRATEGY
The capital market in Sri Lanka has not been effective in channeling the country's savings to support investment in the economy. From 2006 to 2015, government policy support for capital market development was limited. Governments recognized what needed to be done to strengthen the capital markets, but reforms were piecemeal and the appetite for designing and implementing comprehensive change was lacking. This resulted in weak investor confidence. The market capitalization of the Colombo Stock Exchange (CSE) stagnated as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) at about 30% during 2006 2015. The CSE's price index dropped by 9% between January 2016 and June 2016 a significantly weaker performance than those experienced during the same period by other middle income countries in the region.
Sri Lanka's underdeveloped capital market narrows the viable financing options for companies seeking to grow. It also places undue pressure on the banking sector. Bank assets account for almost 60% of the country's overall financial assets, and the sector is not the most appropriate nor does it have the capacity to offer the long-term financing essential for private sector capital investments and infrastructure projects. The corporate bond market is still in the nascent stage. The ratio of outstanding corporate bonds to GDP is only 2% and significantly lower than those of other middle-income countries in Asia.
Against this backdrop, the program will seek to deepen and broaden Sri Lanka's capital market by (i) extending the government yield curve and thereby promoting a more liquid government bond market and eventually a more developed corporate bond market; (ii) catalyzing institutional investor demand by broadening, deepening, and diversifying the investor base; (iii) strengthening the institutional and regulatory capacity of the SEC, the IBSL, the EPF, and SLAASMB; (iv) developing important market infrastructure such as a surveillance systems, trading system, and information and communication technology systems; (v) enhancing capacity development through training and promoting financial literacy; and (vi) enhancing the supply of alternative financial instruments such as derivatives to include for commodities and securitized bonds. The program will also support financial inclusion by promoting financial literacy among retail investors, expanding mutual funds, and developing consumer protection in the insurance sector through its adoption of grievance mechanisms.
ADB has worked to closely coordinate its capital market development activities with those of other development partners and to complement their efforts. ADB's program is part of an umbrella operation to support economic recovery led by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). In June 2016, the IMF approved an extended fund facility of $1.5 billion for Sri Lanka that aims to restore macroeconomic stability. The World Bank approved a $100 million development policy loan in July 2016, with the Japan International Cooperation Agency providing another $100 million of parallel financing. ADB has been closely coordinating with these organizations.
ADB's finance sector strategy for Sri Lanka, which is part of its country partnership strategy and country operations business plan, is based on the government's emphasis on private sector development, lessons from ADB's previous finance sector interventions, and coordination with other development partners.
Basic capital and investment needs, as well as Sri Lanka's longer-term economic objectives supported.
The size, depth, and capacity of the capital market enhanced.
On the attached TA, ADB will recruit at least two consulting firms and three individual consultants to provide 37.5 person-months of international and 27 person-months of national consulting services. Consultants will be recruited using the quality- and cost-based selection method with a standard quality cost ratio of 90:10 due to the highly specialized expertise needed. The consultants will be engaged by ADB in accordance with the Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). All the disbursements under the TA will be made in accordance with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time). Procurement will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time).
No major conventional procurement is envisaged under the project.
Loan 3446-SRI: Capital Market Development Program
Ordinary capital resources US$ 250.00 million
TA 9213-SRI: Developing the Capital Market
Technical Assistance Special Fund US$ 750,000.00
Financial Sector Development Partnership Special Fund US$ 750,000.00
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction US$ 500,000.00
ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISM OF ADB
The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at: http://www.adb.org/site/accountability-mechanism/main
Responsible ADB Officer Lambert, Donald J.
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Public Management, Financial Sector and Trade Division, SARD
Ministry of Finance