The investment program will take an integrated approach to support the three flagship national urban programs in up to four states (Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal). These states are characterized by high urbanization (42%, 45%, 48%, and 32%, respectively) with urban populations ranging from 29 million to 50 million, high demand for urban services, high urban poverty ratios (9% to 14%), and strong institutions for project implementation. The proposed project has high potential to become a model for the entire country for innovative and efficient infrastructure services delivery in India. Subprojects under the investment program will create improved urban infrastructure consistent with the aims of the flagship programs inclusive of the poor. Subprojects will introduce good practices in infrastructure design, procurement, and construction. Examples include waste-to-energy and reduce-reuse-recycle (3R) practices for solid and liquid waste (biogas, industrial reuse), remote technology for real-time monitoring of water leakage and water quality (multi-parameter sensors), performance-based turnkey contracts, and trenchless technology for linear pipe laying works, where suitable.
PROJECT RATIONALE AND LINKAGE TO COUNTRY/REGIONAL STRATEGY
Urban centers are driving economic growth in India. More than 30% of India's current population lives in urban areas and contributes 63% of India's gross domestic product (Census 2011). These figures are expected to increase to 40% and 75%, respectively, by 2030. While high urbanization can yield higher productivity and better living standards, Indian cities face persistent development challenges: high urban poverty (35%), environmental and public health hazards, poor hygiene and sanitation behaviors, high water losses (up to 60%) with limited access to 24x7 supply, extensive flooding, unmet energy demands, infrastructure deficits, and weak governance and institutions. Integrated and effective urban development is needed to provide sustainable and affordable basic services. There is an enormous potential to scale up good practices in urban planning and infrastructure development, improve behaviors in hygiene and sanitation, and strengthen institutions to improve living standards for all urban residents.
environmental quality, public health, and quality of life in urban areas improved especially for the poor (Government urban development guidelines).
more reliable and efficient basic urban services delivered.
Individual consultants will be recruited to undertake the PPTA in consultation with government officials and relevant stakeholder groups.
All procurement activities will be carried out using ADB's Procurement and Consulting Guidelines. Advance contracting and retroactive financing option will be used.
ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISM OF ADB
The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at: http://www.adb.org/site/accountability-mechanism/main
Responsible ADB Officer Ron Slangen
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Urban Development and Water Division, SARD
Ministry of Urban Development
New Delhi 110 011