Policy Analysis and Assessment of Reforming Education Mode for Promoting Employment of Graduates (ADB-49017-001)

  • China
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Aug 10, 2015
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Government of People's Republic of China
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Education and Health
  • Technical Cooperation
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 0.40 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD)
$ 0.40 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ ADB website

Updated in EWS Jul 7, 2020

Disclosed by Bank Sep 23, 2016

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

The TA aims to support the PRC Government's efforts to improve policies and programs for addressing youth and graduate unemployment. The TA will contribute to the government's long-term goal of building a harmonious and prosperous society through education policies that can enhance and maintain employment of new graduates, and is in line with recent policy directives including the State Council's reforms for education. It is directly linked to the CPS of the PRC, 2011 2015, which emphasizes inclusive growth and balanced development. The TA supplements the ongoing and lending program, as well as the TA program in the area of education, and TVET, as it will provide additional knowledge to support policy guidance, tracking and evaluation, and development for expanding skills and employability among Chinese tertiary graduates.

An ongoing TA (Policies for Promoting Employment of University Graduates) is evaluating the scope of the graduate unemployment problem and assessing how employment promotion policies have worked. This TA aims to identify policy recommendations for expanding graduate employment opportunities and for strengthening the enabling environment for graduate self-employment; and provide policy recommendations for improving university education and the role of universities to promote graduate employability. The proposed TA will complement and build on the findings of the former, embracing a cluster approach for ADB's TA program for the PRC. This TA will address institutional reform, with the aim of enhancing labor market relevance, and will support the transition of selected local HEIs into applied colleges. It will yield a summary report with recommendations for the government to rollout the transition on a broader scale. The TA will also contribute, through workshops, to the development of HEI networks in the PRC, which will help spread know-how and good practices. By bringing together policy makers, practitioners, and academics, it will further strengthen and enrich the pool of expertise on tertiary education.


Employment-ready college graduates increased (National Outline for Medium and Long-term Education Reform and Development, 2010 -2020*)

Students' attitudes regarding higher education and employment shifted (National Outline for Medium and Long-term Education Reform and Development, 2010 -2020*)


The consultants will be selected based on their academic qualification and relevant work experience. The consultants under the TA will be selected in accordance with ADB's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (2013, as amended from time to time). The terms of reference (Appendix 3) outline their tasks. All procurement under the TA will be carried out in accordance with ADB's Procurement Guidelines (2015, as amended from time to time). Proceeds of the TA will be disbursed in accordance with ADB's Technical Assistance Disbursement Handbook (2010, as amended from time to time).

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.

Ministry of Education
37 Damucang Huton, Xidan
Beijing 100816
People's Republic of China

The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at: http://www.adb.org/site/accountability-mechanism/main

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