Air Transport Connectivity Enhancement Project-Additional Financing (ADB-44239-014)

  • Bhutan
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Jun 29, 2016
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
  • Transport
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 4.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ ADB website

Updated in EWS Jun 26, 2020

Disclosed by Bank May 13, 2016

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.


The project, together with the original project, will improve safety, security, and capacity at Bumthang, Gelephu, and Yonphula domestic airports by providing infrastructure. The additional financing will further strengthen safety and security, and improve passenger convenience in terms of level of service at these airports. The overall project will support the government's plan to develop a safe, reliable, and efficient air transport system connecting urban and rural centers to help overcome the limitations of road transport, improve accessibility, and promote tourism and high-value agriculture in less-developed regions of the country.


Bhutan is a mountainous, landlocked country with its socioeconomic development largely depending on a safe, reliable, and efficient transport network. The country has an estimated population of 745,000 and a population density of 19 persons per square kilometer, which is the smallest population and the lowest population density in South Asia. Bhutan falls within a seismic risk zone with a moderate to high risk level, and has formidable weather conditions. This makes it difficult for the country to achieve economies of scale in service delivery, and costly to build and maintain physical infrastructure, particularly roads. The high external and domestic transport costs and lack of or limited accessibility have constrained the country's economic and social development.

The overall project is in line with the strategic objective of providing safe and more efficient movement of people and goods as described in ADB's country partnership strategy, 2014 2018. The proposed additional financing is included in the country operations business plan, 2016 2018. Investments in developing a safe, reliable, and efficient domestic air transport network connecting urban and rural centers were identified as priorities for the transport sector and are in line with the government's strategies for development of the transport sector.


Air transport connectivity improved


Consultants will be recruited according to ADBs Guidelines on the Use of Consultants (March 2013, as amended from time to time).


Procurement of goods and works will be undertaken in accordance with ADBs Procurement Guidelines (April 2015, as amended from time to time).

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Grant 0484-BHU: Air Transport Connectivity and Enhancement Project - Additional Financing
Concessional ordinary capital resources / Asian Development Fund US$ 4.00 million

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.


The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at:


Responsible ADB Officer Heriawan, Andri
Responsible ADB Department South Asia Department
Responsible ADB Division Transport and Communications Division, SARD
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Information and Communications
Government of Bhutan,
Thimphu, Bhutan

How it works

How it works