Second Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project - Additional Financing (ADB-38560-024)

  • Cambodia
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Specific Location
six provinces around the Tonle Sap Lake
Whenever identified, the area within countries where the impacts of the investment may be experienced. Exact locations of projects may not be identified fully or at all in project documents. Please review updated project documents and community-led assessments.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Sep 22, 2016
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Government of Cambodia
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Water and Sanitation
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 15.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD)
$ 18.50 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ ADB website

Updated in EWS Jul 2, 2020

Disclosed by Bank Nov 9, 2016

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

The project was designed to expand access to improved rural water supply and sanitation (RWSS) and to improve the health of rural residents in six provinces around the Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia.3 Since its approval in 2009, the project contributed to government efforts to achieve its Millennium Development Goal targets of increased rural water supply coverage by 50% and rural sanitation coverage by 30% by 2015, and its long-term sector vision of universal coverage by 2025. The project is performing well. The additional financing will finance partial changes in scope and expand activities. It will support the current project’s original objectives, enhance monitoring, and test climate change adaptation and disaster risk management initiatives.

Additional financing will be needed to (i) scale up project activities in 19 new communes (para. 6), increasing beneficiaries; and (ii) complete the originally targeted 40 communes, which fell short after changes in project design (para. 7). According to the National Action Plan 2014–2018, the government target for 2018 is 60% coverage for RWSS, resulting in a national gap of 439,400 households (2.02 million people) for water supply and 580,400 households (2.67 million people) for sanitation. 13 The current annual levels of growth for water supply (1.8%) and sanitation (4.3% post-2010) are insufficient to reach the 2018 target coverage, and both must be accelerated to at least 5% per annum until 2025 to realize the vision of 100% coverage. Improved water supply coverage ranges from 3.5% to 42.0% in the 27 additional proposed communes, and sanitation coverage ranges from 0.9% to 45.0%. These figures are lower than the national average.

The impact of the overall project, which is aligned with the government’s National Strategy for Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (footnote 13), will be universal access
to sustainable RWSS nationwide by 2025 and improved health of rural households in project provinces. The outcome of the overall project remains unchanged: increased access to
improved RWSS in selected communes of six provinces around the Tonle Sap Lake. The number of rural residents with access to improved water will increase from 377,000 to 578,500, while the number of rural residents with access to improved sanitation will increase from 290,000 to 462,800. Additional financing will build and expand the current project outputs as
1.Improved community health and hygiene practices.
2.Rehabilitated, upgraded, and developed new water facilities.
3.Improved public and household sanitation.
4.Strengthened sector planning and development.
5.Improved capacity for project implementation and sustainability.

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation: US$ 1.50 million
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction: US$ 2.00 million

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.


The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at:

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