The project was designed to expand access to improved rural water supply and sanitation (RWSS) and to improve the health of rural residents in six provinces around the Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia.3 Since its approval in 2009, the project contributed to government efforts to achieve its Millennium Development Goal targets of increased rural water supply coverage by 50% and rural sanitation coverage by 30% by 2015, and its long-term sector vision of universal coverage by 2025. The project is performing well. The additional financing will finance partial changes in scope and expand activities. It will support the current project’s original objectives, enhance monitoring, and test climate change adaptation and disaster risk management initiatives.
Additional financing will be needed to (i) scale up project activities in 19 new communes (para. 6), increasing beneficiaries; and (ii) complete the originally targeted 40 communes, which fell short after changes in project design (para. 7). According to the National Action Plan 2014–2018, the government target for 2018 is 60% coverage for RWSS, resulting in a national gap of 439,400 households (2.02 million people) for water supply and 580,400 households (2.67 million people) for sanitation. 13 The current annual levels of growth for water supply (1.8%) and sanitation (4.3% post-2010) are insufficient to reach the 2018 target coverage, and both must be accelerated to at least 5% per annum until 2025 to realize the vision of 100% coverage. Improved water supply coverage ranges from 3.5% to 42.0% in the 27 additional proposed communes, and sanitation coverage ranges from 0.9% to 45.0%. These figures are lower than the national average.
The impact of the overall project, which is aligned with the government’s National Strategy for Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (footnote 13), will be universal access
to sustainable RWSS nationwide by 2025 and improved health of rural households in project provinces. The outcome of the overall project remains unchanged: increased access to
improved RWSS in selected communes of six provinces around the Tonle Sap Lake. The number of rural residents with access to improved water will increase from 377,000 to 578,500, while the number of rural residents with access to improved sanitation will increase from 290,000 to 462,800. Additional financing will build and expand the current project outputs as
1.Improved community health and hygiene practices.
2.Rehabilitated, upgraded, and developed new water facilities.
3.Improved public and household sanitation.
4.Strengthened sector planning and development.
5.Improved capacity for project implementation and sustainability.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation: US$ 1.50 million
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction: US$ 2.00 million
ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISM OF ADB
The Accountability Mechanism is an independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an Asian Development Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Accountability Mechanism, they may investigate to assess whether the Asian Development Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can learn more about the Accountability Mechanism and how to file a complaint at: http://www.adb.org/site/accountability-mechanism/main