Sustainable Development of Primary Schools in Rural Areas of Panama (IDBI-12372-02)

  • Panama
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Specific Location
Bocas del Toro and Cocle
Whenever identified, the area within countries where the impacts of the investment may be experienced. Exact locations of projects may not be identified fully or at all in project documents. Please review updated project documents and community-led assessments.
Financial Institutions
  • IDB Invest (IDBI)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Apr 22, 2019
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
A&A Arroyo y Asociados S.A., Air Care Corp.
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Education and Health
  • Infrastructure
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 21.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD)
$ 39.27 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ IDBI website

Updated in EWS Apr 2, 2020

Disclosed by Bank Mar 18, 2019

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

In 2017, through a public tender process, the Ministry of Education of Panama (MEDUCA, for its Spanish acronym) awarded 10 construction contracts to the contractor A&A Arroyo y Asociados ("A&A") for the design, demolition, remodeling and construction of 28 rural schools located in vulnerable and difficult to access regions of the Ngabe-Bugle district and the provinces of Bocas del Toro and Cocle. The purpose of this MEDUCA initiative is to eradicate 189 aulas rancho (rustic, one-room rural schools), located mainly in the most isolated and poorest areas of the country, and replace them with modern infrastructure that meets the optimal criteria that the MEDUCA has defined with advice from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).

In September 2017, A&A formed a private consortium called Consorcio Escuelas Siglo XXI with Air Care Corp. and HMG Investment Corp., in order to combine the resources of each sponsor for the funding and execution of the construction contracts.

The IDB Invest loan seeks to provide two years of funding for the construction expenses associated with the contracts. The total cost of the project is US$39.27 million, which will be funded through a class A IDB Invest loan of up to US$16 million and a loan from IDB's Chinese Fund of up to US$8 million. The funding plan will be completed with the contribution of "B" loans and other capital contributions. Through this loan, IDB Invest aims to improve the current state of the infrastructure in rural and isolated schools in the mentioned areas and provide optimal conditions for the learning and development of approximately 302 teachers and 5,488 students, in line with the IDB and Panama's 2015-2019 strategy to strengthen the educational profile of the population. The new schools will be equipped with modern classrooms, electricity, water, sanitary systems and, in some cases, with solar panels to provide renewable energy.

Investment Description
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Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.

Eng. Marnel Arroyo Espinoza
Project Manager
Phone number: (+507) 974-5617



The Independent Consultation and Investigation Mechanism (MICI) is the independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who have been or are likely to be adversely affected by an Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) or Inter-American Investment Corporation (IIC)-funded project. If you submit a complaint to MICI, they may assist you in addressing the problems you raised through a dispute-resolution process with those implementing the project and/or through an investigation to assess whether the IDB or IIC is following its own policies for preventing or mitigating harm to people or the environment. You can submit a complaint by sending an email to You can learn more about the MICI and how to file a complaint at,1752.html (in English) or,1752.html (Spanish).

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