Philippines: Domestic Resource Mobilization Program (Subprogram 1) (AIIB-000802)

  • Philippines
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Government of Philippines
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Law and Government
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Type(s)
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, guarantee, technical assistance, advisory services, equity and fund.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 400.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD)
$ 800.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ AIIB website

Updated in EWS Jul 29, 2023

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.

According to the Bank’s website, the Program objective is to support the Republic of the Philippines' economic and fiscal recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic through: (i) enhancing the domestic resource mobilization policies and legal frameworks; (ii) modernizing tax administration through digital transformation; and (iii) strengthening international tax cooperation and exchange of information.

The proposed Program will provide a policy-based loan under the COVID-19 Crisis Recovery Facility of the Bank and will be co-financed with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) as the lead financier.

The Program focuses on the following reform areas:

(i) Domestic resource mobilization policies and legal frameworks enhanced.
This reform area seeks to sustain public spending for post-pandemic recovery by creating the legal frameworks for national and local tax policies. It focuses on approving the 2022-2028 Medium-Term Fiscal Framework to institute domestic resource mobilization as a national strategy to achieve the medium-term fiscal targets; submitting to Congress three critical tax reform laws (law on VAT on Digital Transactions, law that establishes a carbon emission trading system, law that simplifies compliance and reduces the costs of paying taxes); approving an executive order that mandates national/local tax agencies to adopt secure digital modes of revenue collection; and adopting a competency framework for local treasurers to strengthen local tax capacity and transparency.

(ii) Tax administration modernized through digital transformation.
This reform area aims to improve the quality and efficiency of taxpayer services envisaged in the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR)'s Digital Transformation Initiative. It focuses on operationalizing the Internal Revenue Integrated System to enable the BIR to use taxpayer data systematically to enhance gender-sensitive taxpayer services; establishing a Data Analytics Unit to undertake data analytics for promoting taxpayer compliance, formulating sex-differentiated tax policies, and strengthening tax audit functions; modernizing business processes for tax registration, filing, and payment through the development of an Online Registration and Update System; and upgrading BIR's electronic tax return forms to enable more taxpayers to file tax returns and pay taxes online.

(iii) International tax cooperation and exchange of information strengthened.
This reform area advances international tax cooperation to combat cross-border tax avoidance. It focuses on implementing a gender-responsive international tax competency program to strengthen tax audit functions; removing preferential tax incentives for regional operating headquarters and imposing a regular corporate income tax rate of 25% in accordance with the OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on Base Erosion and Profit Sharing (BEPS); implementing tax transparency standards under the Asia Initiative of the Global Forum; and implementing the minimum standards of the OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on BEPS for addressing international tax avoidance and enhancing tax certainty.

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.


Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

Anne Ong Lopez

Investment Operations Specialist – Transport

Asian Development Bank

Aekapol Chongvilaivan

Senior Economist (Public Finance)


Republic of the Philippines

Maria Edita Z. Tan

Undersecretary, Department of Finance


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The AIIB has established the Accountability Mechanism for Project-Affected People (PPM). The PPM provides Òan opportunity for an independent and impartial review of submissions from Project-affected people who believe they have been or are likely to be adversely affected by AIIBÕs failure to implement the ESP in situations when their concerns cannot be addressed satisfactorily through Project level GRMs or AIIB Management processes.Ó Two or more project-affected people can file a complaint. Under the current AIIB policy, when the bank co-finances a project with another development bank, it may apply the other bank's standards. You can refer to the Project Summary Information document to find out which standards apply. You can learn more about the PPM and how to file a complaint at:

The complaint submission form can be accessed in Arabic, Bahasa Indonesia, Bengali, Chinese, English, Tagalog, Hindi, Nepali, Russian, Turkish, or Urdu. The submission form can be found at:

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