Turkiye: TSKB Sustainable Energy and Infrastructure On-lending Facility, Phase 2 (AIIB-000546)

  • Europe and Central Asia
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
  • Turkiye
Geographic location where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Financial Institutions
  • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Project Status
Stage of the project cycle. Stages vary by development bank and can include: pending, approval, implementation, and closed or completed.
Bank Risk Rating
Environmental and social categorization assessed by the development bank as a measure of the planned project’s environmental and social impacts. A higher risk rating may require more due diligence to limit or avoid harm to people and the environment. For example, "A" or "B" are risk categories where "A" represents the highest amount of risk. Results will include projects that specifically recorded a rating, all other projects are marked ‘U’ for "Undisclosed."
Voting Date
Nov 23, 2022
Date when project documentation and funding is reviewed by the Board for consideration and approval. Some development banks will state a "board date" or "decision date." When funding approval is obtained, the legal documents are accepted and signed, the implementation phase begins.
Turkiye Sinai Kalkinma Bankasi A.S.
A public entity (government or state-owned) provided with funds or financial support to manage and/or implement a project.
  • Climate and Environment
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
Investment Amount (USD)
$ 200.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Loan Amount (USD)
$ 200.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, this amount is converted to USD ($) on the date of disclosure. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Primary Source

Original disclosure @ AIIB website

Updated in EWS May 9, 2023

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Project Description
If provided by the financial institution, the Early Warning System Team writes a short summary describing the purported development objective of the project and project components. Review the complete project documentation for a detailed description.


To contribute to the Republic of Turkiye's climate mitigation and adaptation goals in line with the Paris Climate Agreement.


A sovereign-backed multi-sector facility (the Phase 2 Facility) in favor of the Borrower to support Turkiye's climate mitigation and adaptation commitments under the recently ratified Paris Climate Agreement (Oct. 2021). Proceeds from the Phase 2 Facility will be on-lent in the form of Sub-loans to eligible private sector entities (the Sub-borrowers) to finance eligible climate mitigation (CM), climate adaptation (CA) and climate industry (CI) projects in Turkiye's energy, infrastructure, and other productive sectors (the Sub-projects).

The proposed Phase 2 Facility is a follow-up to the project
P000132 TSKB Sustainable Energy and Infrastructure On-lending Facility
(the Phase 1 Facility) which reached loan closing on April 1, 2022. The
Project Closing Note
was submitted to the Board on Sep. 26, 2022.

The Bank may co-finance alongside TSKB selected non-sovereign-backed Sub-projects under the Phase 2 Facility on a case-by-case basis.


AIIB's Environmental and Social Policy (ESP) including the Environmental and Social Exclusion List (ESEL) and Environmental and Social Standards (ESSs) apply to this Project. The Project is placed in Category FI, as the financing structure involves the provision of funds to TSKB pursuant to which AIIB delegates the decision-making related to the use of the AIIB's funds insofar the sub-projects meet the conditions of the Operations Manual. This will include the selection, appraisal, approval, and monitoring of sub-projects in accordance with AIIB's ESP requirements. TSKB's Environmental and Social Management System (ESMS) is materially aligned with AIIB's ESP and will be used as the project's E&S instrument.

The preliminary pipeline comprises subprojects across the renewables, energy efficiency, climate adaptation and climate industries. Impacts on communities' health and safety, involuntary resettlement and land acquisition, sensitive habitats, ecosystems and its services, and employment working conditions are potential ES risks associated with such sub-projects. Every subproject will be screened to identify the risks and following the assessment, appropriate mitigation measures will be adopted. TSKB has been advised by AIIB of the need for provisions on labor and working conditions related to renewable energy subprojects which will need to be in line with AIIB requirements. AIIB will conduct prior review and approval for all Category A subprojects which will be capped at three by TSKB. Activities in AIIB's ESEL will not be eligible for financing. Coal mining, coal transportation or coal-fired power plants, as well as infrastructure exclusively dedicated to support any of these activities will also be excluded.

TSKB maintains and publishes its ESMS in both Turkish and English. At the facility level, TSKB will continue to disclose the E&S documentation for all higher risk subprojects (category A and selected category B subprojects). At the corporate level, TSKB will continue to disclose its integrated report which includes Principles for Responsible Banking (PRB), Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) and Taskforce on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) requirements.

TSKB has established an external communications mechanism (ECM), including contacts and processes to receive and handle complaints related E&S matters, and its information including PPM of AIIB will be disclosed in both Turkish and English, in an appropriate manner. The ECM will be made available to project-affected people (PAPs) and project contracted workers. Under the operational manual, TSKB will require its Sub-borrowers to establish a suitable subproject-level GRM or equivalent and inform people in the subproject's footprint about its availability in an appropriate manner. The GRM will receive and facilitate resolution of the concerns and complaints of people who believe they have been adversely affected by the project's E&S impacts.

TSKB will rely on information provided directly by the subprojects to conduct both E&S assessment and ongoing monitoring. TSKB will be required to maintain a comprehensive database comprising all relevant E&S information and report to AIIB semi-annually, a summary of the E&S aspects and overview of the E&S performance of the project's portfolio. AIIB will conduct post-reviews of the selection and implementation of subprojects as part of its regular supervision, comprising engagement with TSKB, potential site visits once conditions allow and detailed review of the E&S documentation of selected subprojects.

Investment Description
Here you can find a list of individual development financial institutions that finance the project.

Contact Information
This section aims to support the local communities and local CSO to get to know which stakeholders are involved in a project with their roles and responsibilities. If available, there may be a complaint office for the respective bank which operates independently to receive and determine violations in policy and practice. Independent Accountability Mechanisms receive and respond to complaints. Most Independent Accountability Mechanisms offer two functions for addressing complaints: dispute resolution and compliance review.


Francisco-José Fortuny Carod

Senior Investment Operations Specialist




Meral Murathan

Executive Vice President,
Financial Institutions & Investor Relations, Development Finance Institutions, Treasury and Loan Monitoring



You can submit an information request for project information at: https://www.aiib.org/en/contact/information-request/index.html


The AIIB has established the Accountability Mechanism for Project-Affected People (PPM). The PPM provides Òan opportunity for an independent and impartial review of submissions from Project-affected people who believe they have been or are likely to be adversely affected by AIIBÕs failure to implement the ESP in situations when their concerns cannot be addressed satisfactorily through Project level GRMs or AIIB Management processes.Ó Two or more project-affected people can file a complaint. Under the current AIIB policy, when the bank co-finances a project with another development bank, it may apply the other bank's standards. You can refer to the Project Summary Information document to find out which standards apply. You can learn more about the PPM and how to file a complaint at: https://www.aiib.org/en/about-aiib/who-we-are/project-affected-peoples-mechanism/how-we-assist-you/index.html

The complaint submission form can be accessed in Arabic, Bahasa Indonesia, Bengali, Chinese, English, Tagalog, Hindi, Nepali, Russian, Turkish, or Urdu. The submission form can be found at: https://www.aiib.org/en/about-aiib/who-we-are/project-affected-peoples-mechanism/submission/index.html

How it works

How it works